The Kogi (/ˈkoʊɡi/ KOH-gee), or Cogui, or Kágaba, meaning “jaguar” in the Kogi language, are an indigenous ethnic group that live in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountains in northern Colombia. Their culture has continued since the Pre-Columbian era.
At that time the staple food was maize, but when, during the following centuries, creole peasants pushed the Indians higher up into the mountains, the Kogi had to readapt; maize cultivation declined and was largely replaced by plantains, squashes, and tree crops.
Colombia’s indigenous culture evolved from three main groups—the Quimbaya, who inhabited the western slopes of the Cordillera Central; the Chibchas; and the Kalina ( Caribs ).
Mamo Zäreymakú was one of the spiritual leaders (Mamos) of the Arhuaco people of northern Colombia. The Arhauco and three other related peoples—the Kogi, Arzario, and Kankuamo —live in an area encircled by what they call the Black Line.
Tairona (or Tayrona ) was a Pre-Columbian culture of Colombia, which consisted in a group of chiefdoms in the region of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta in present-day Cesar, Magdalena and La Guajira Departments of Colombia, South America, which goes back at least to the 1st century AD and had significant demographic growth
Colombia is located in the northwestern part of South America. To the north, it borders Panama and the Caribbean Sea, to the south with Peru and Ecuador, to the east with Venezuela and Brazil, and to the west with the Pacific Ocean.
Sierra Nevada, also called Sierra Nevadas, major mountain range of western North America, running along the eastern edge of the U.S. state of California. Its great mass lies between the large Central Valley depression to the west and the Basin and Range Province to the east.
While the Aztecs and the Incas built empires that extended control over vast regions of pre-Columbian America, Colombia was settled by a number of smaller groups of peoples such as the Tayronas and the Muiscas. A dramatic change, however, would soon change the course of Colombian history.
The Inca Empire arose in the early 13th century and by the early 14th century had incorporated some parts of modern day Colombia.
Muisca means “people” or “person”, making “Muisca people”, how they are called, a tautology. At the arrival of the Spanish conquistadores, the Muisca population was estimated to be half a million indigenous people on the Bogotá savanna, and up to two million in the Muisca Confederation.
: any of several black Hawaiian honeycreepers that constitute a genus (Drepanis) of the family Drepanididae, are distinguished by yellow feathers above and below the tail which were used in choice featherwork, and are now wholly extinct.
Arhuaco, commonly known as Ikʉ, (Arhuaco: Ikʉ) is an Indigenous American language of the Chibchan language family, spoken in South America by the Arhuaco people. There are 8000 speakers, all in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta region of Colombia, 90% of whom are monolingual.