There are eleven current tribes that have historic connections to the lands and resources now found within Grand Canyon National Park. Havasupai Tribe – AZ. Hopi Tribe – AZ. Hualapai Tribe – AZ. Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians – AZ. Las Vegas Band of Paiute Indians – NV. Moapa Band of Paiute Indians – NV. Navajo Nation – AZ.
The Hualapai Tribe and Skywalk – Grand Canyon National Park (U.S. National Park Service)
The 6 tribes generally associated with the Grand Canyon are the Hualapai, Havasupai, Navajo, Hopi, Paiute and Zuni. Each of these tribes have resided on the Colorado Plateau long before the arrival of Europeans and each has their own unique culture and heritage as well as a common connection with the Grand Canyon.
Ancestral Pueblo people—followed by Paiute, Navajo, Zuni and Hopi tribes—once inhabited the Grand Canyon. The Havasupai people now claim the Grand Canyon as their ancestral home. According to tribal history, the Havasupai have lived in and around the canyon for more than 800 years.
|Tribal group||Total||American Indian/Alaska Native alone|
|American Indian tribes|
A Pyramid Legend In 1909, the Arizona Gazette reported that two Smithsonian archaeologists discovered an ancient civilization deep inside a vast Grand Canyon cavern, complete with mummies, Egyptian-style artifacts and Great Pyramids.
All Indians are subject to federal income taxes. However, whenever a member of an Indian tribe conducts business off the reservation, that person, like everyone else, pays both state and local taxes. State income taxes are not paid on reservation or trust lands.
Despite these strategically located private in-holdings, the vast majority of the Grand Canyon is owned by the federal government, held in trust for the American people and managed by a varied collection of federal agencies. Indian reservations, state land, and private land surround these federal lands.
Visit Phantom Ranch, a historic oasis nestled at the bottom of Grand Canyon; a storied place that can only be reached on foot, by mule, or by rafting the Colorado River.
The rock squirrel, native to Mexico and the Southwest, is “the most dangerous animal” for most visitors to the Grand Canyon, in part because they’re everywhere. But don’t let their looks fool you. They’re known to bite people for nothing more than pointing at them, according to the park.
Supai is so remote, mail is delivered by mule train. If you haven’t visited the village of Supai, there’s probably a good reason: The only town inside the Grand Canyon, it’s located deep inside a 3,000-foot-deep hole.
Hualapai Tribe in the Grand Canyon Today the tribe lives on the Hualapai Indian Reservation. Established in 1883 and covering roughly 1 million acres, the reservation includes 108 miles of the Colorado River and Grand Canyon. In 1988 the Hualapai opened their land up to the public.
Current archaeological evidence suggests that humans inhabited the Grand Canyon area as far back as 4,000 years ago and at least were passers-through for 6,500 years before that. Radiocarbon dating of artifacts found in limestone caves in the inner canyon indicate ages of 3,000 to 4,000 years.
The Kaibab Limestone, the uppermost layer of rock at Grand Canyon, was formed at the bottom of the ocean. The action of plate tectonics lifted the rocks high and flat, creating a plateau through which the Colorado River could cut down.
Fur trappers based in Taos knew of the great gorge, which they called the Big Cañon, and shunned it. Eight years later Major John Wesley Powell descended the Colorado River through its gorges, renamed the Big Cañon as the Grand Canyon, and wrote a classic account of the view from the river.