Hupa men wore short deerskin kilts, and Hupa women wore longer skirts made of deerskin and grasses decorated with shells and beads. Shirts were not necessary in the Hupa culture, but both men and women wore ponchos or deerskin robes in cool or rainy weather.
Hupa descendants have since been incorporated into mainly into the Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation and another tribes: Hoopa Valley Tribe (Hoopa, Humboldt County, Population 2013: 3,139) ( Hupa, Tsnungwe, Chimalakwe, Chilula, Whilkut)
The Hupa had numerous food resources in their territory. They got their meat from deer and elk found in the surrounding forest. Berries and nuts could be taken from many trees and bushes in the forests as well. The Trinity River provided various types of fish such as eel, salmon and sturgeon.
The recitation of magical formulas was an important part of traditional Hupa religion. Shamanism was also common; shamans’ fees were paid in dentalium shells or deerskin blankets. Three major dances were held annually for the benefit of the community, as were spring and fall ceremonial feasts.
From the Yurok tribe they got canoes, dried seaweed, salt, and salt water fish. To get those they traded acorns, obsidian, and some inland foods, to trade with their coastal neighbor. Some things were purchased with dentalium shells which served as money of the northern California people.
The Hupa Indians are known for producing beautiful elk horn carvings and rock engravings. Smoking was an important part of Hupa culture. Hupa Indian men made elaborate pipes. The Hupa Indians are known for their beautiful basketry.
Hupa (native name: Na꞉tinixwe Mixine꞉wheʼ, lit. “language of the Hoopa Valley people”) is an Athabaskan language (of Na-Dené stock) spoken along the lower course of the Trinity River in Northwestern California by the Hupa (Na꞉tinixwe) and, before European contact, by the Chilula and Whilkut peoples, to the west.
Their traditional houses were made of redwood or cedar. Clothing: The men wore a breechclout of deerskin or of skins of small animals joined together, and leggings to their knees of painted deerskin. Their moccasins were made of deerskin with soles of elk hide.
Yurok, North American Indians who lived in what is now California along the lower Klamath River and the Pacific coast.
For tools the Chumash used needles, fishhooks, sandpaper, spear, atl-atl, fishnets, tomols-plank canoes, and bow and arrow. The Chumash tribe was famous for its art, rock paintings.
Chumash, any of several related North American Indian groups speaking a Hokan language. They originally lived in what are now the California coastlands and adjacent inland areas from Malibu northward to Estero Bay, and on the three northern Channel Islands off Santa Barbara.