Grand Village of the Natchez, (22 AD 501) also known as the Fatherland Site, is a 128.1-acre (0.518 km2) site encompassing a prehistoric indigenous village and earthwork mounds in present-day south Natchez, Mississippi.
Natchez, Mississippi may be best known for its antebellum mansions, but the human history of the area goes back thousands of years. The story ofNatchezbegins with the indigenous mound-building cultures, known since French occupation as the Nachee, or Natchez Indians.
1: a member of an American Indian people of southwestern Mississippi. 2: the language of the Natchez people. Natchez. geographical name.
The Natchez people lived in villages of adobe houses with thatched roofs. One family lived in each house. The Natchez houses were arranged around a village square that was used for ceremonies and sports events.
The earliest European account of the Natchez may be from the journals of the Spanish expedition of Hernando de Soto. In 1542 de Soto’s expedition encountered a powerful chiefdom located on the eastern bank of the Mississippi River. Native sources called it “Quigualtam,” after the paramount chief’s name.
The paramount chief of the Natchez, called the Great Sun, lived at the Grand Village.
The Adena were the first known people in the present-day United States to construct earthen mounds in which they regularly buried their dead. The mounds were often shaped in animal or geometric designs.
Summary and Definition: The Natchez tribe lived in the area of St. The Natchez Indians were successful hunters, fishers and farmers, growing corn, beans, and squash. The culture of their ancient civilization ended as Europeans encroached on their lands.
Choctaw men wore breechcloths. Choctaw women wore wraparound skirts made of deerskin or woven fiber. Shirts were not necessary in Choctaw culture, but men and women both wore poncho -style capes in cool weather. Like most Native Americans, the Choctaws also wore moccasins on their feet.
Traditional Natchez religion venerated the Sun, which was represented by a perpetual fire kept burning in a temple. All fires in a village, including the sacred fire, were allowed to die once a year on the eve of the midsummer Green Corn ceremony, or Busk.
It began as a series of trails through the homelands of the Native American tribes of Natchez, Choctaw and Chickasaw. As time passed, it was used by the Kaintucks.
The Natchez Indians were among the last American Indian groups to inhabit the area now known as southwestern Mississippi. Archaeological evidence indicates that the Natchez Indian culture began as early as A.D. 700 and lasted until the 1730s when the tribe was dispersed in a war with the French.
Due to the spread of European diseases such as smallpox, measles, and bubonic plague, the native population of the Lower Mississippi Valley declined drastically in the century following De Soto’s arrival.
As one of the United States’ original first nations, the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians is the only Federally-recognized American Indian tribe living within the State of Mississippi. We have more than 11,000 members strong. Our Choctaw lands cover over 35,000 acres in ten different counties in Mississippi.
Maize, or corn, was a staple of the Choctaw diet, which also included squashes, nuts, beans, fish, bear, and deer. The festival was also a time of cleansing. The Choctaw men and women would use this time to clean their village, much like many Americans today perform a spring cleaning each year.