Upon defeat, the Creeks ceded 23,000,000 acres of land (half of Alabama and part of southern Georgia); they were forcibly removed to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma) in the 1830s. There with the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Seminole, they constituted one of the Five Civilized Tribes.
This mostly peaceful group of Southeast American Indian Tribes had roots in Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina and Florida until they were forced out by other tribes and Europeans. They often referred to themselves as Muskogee or Muscogee. The Creek were known to wear highly decorated and sophisticated clothing.
Today, the Muscogee ( Creek ) Nation is located in Oklahoma and has land claims in the Florida panhandle. The Tribal headquarters is located in Okmulgee, Oklahoma, and the tribe has approximately 44,000 tribal members.
Where do the Creeks live? The Creeks are original residents of the American southeast, particularly Georgia, Alabama, Florida, and North Carolina. Most Creeks were forced to move to Oklahoma in the 1800’s, like other southern Indian tribes. There are 20,000 Muskogee Creeks in Oklahoma today.
“ Hello ” Hensci/Hesci!
While there, the Creeks were plagued with sickness, and many died. The government then decided to move them to Pass Christian, Mississippi, which was considered healthier.
These homes were located in the same village. People simply moved a few feet or so to reach their seasonal home. The Creek tricked other tribes into thinking they had more people in each village than there really were. All the houses, summer and winter, were built around a huge central plaza.
The Creek religion before the Europeans was mainly Protestantism, which is often used as a general term merely to signify that they are not Roman Catholics. They were a monotheistic tribe, believing in a god they called the One.
Cherokee culture was similar to Creek culture because both tribes descended from the Mississippians. Their towns and buildings were alike. Children belonged to the mother’s clan. They celebrated a Green Corn ceremony.
Between 1830 and 1850, about 100,000 American Indians living between Michigan, Louisiana, and Florida moved west after the U.S. government coerced treaties or used the U.S. Army against those resisting. Many were treated brutally. An estimated 3,500 Creeks died in Alabama and on their westward journey.
Relations with the English Soon after the establishment of South Carolina in 1670, the Creeks set up a brisk business capturing and selling Florida Indians to their new neighbors. By 1715 this segment of the trade had nearly disappeared for lack of supply and demand. Deerskins then became the main currency.
The Muscogee language ( Muskogee, Mvskoke IPA: [ maskókî ] in Muscogee ), also known as Creek, is a Muskogean language spoken by Muscogee (Creek) and Seminole people, primarily in the US states of Oklahoma and Florida. Along with Mikasuki, when it is spoken by the Seminole, it is known as Seminole.
(Entry 1 of 2) 1: a natural stream of water normally smaller than and often tributary to a river. 2 chiefly British: a small inlet or bay narrower and extending farther inland than a cove. 3 archaic: a narrow or winding passage.
The criteria for Citizenship is that you must be Creek by Blood and trace back to a direct ancestor listed on the 1906 Dawes Roll by issuance of birth and/or death certificates.
On March 27, 1814, United States forces and Indian allies under Major General Andrew Jackson defeated the Red Sticks, a part of the Creek Indian tribe who opposed American expansion, effectively ending the Creek War.