The three main foods for the Cherokee people were squash, corn and beans. Almost all of their meals contained these. Squash, corn and beans were known as the “Three Sister”. They were called this because they thrived when they grew together.
Cherokee, North American Indians of Iroquoian lineage who constituted one of the largest politically integrated tribes at the time of European colonization of the Americas. Their name is derived from a Creek word meaning “people of different speech”; many prefer to be known as Keetoowah or Tsalagi.
Cherokee men hunted mainly for sustenance and different game required different tools. Bows and arrows were primarily used to hunt deer, turkey and other large game. Bows were often made from hickory and black locust trees. For small game like squirrels and rabbits, Cherokees used blowguns.
The earliest Cherokee fishers were skilled trappers. They constructed underwater raceways called stone weirs to collect and harvest the native sicklefin redhorse, brook trout, and other fish in large baskets. The dried and smoked meat was preserved as a winter food staple.
Having a direct ancestor on the Dawes Final Roll is a requirement for citizenship in the Cherokee Nation. There is no blood quantum requirement. You might also do a free search of the Native American (including Cherokee and the Dawes Roll) records available at Nara.gov.
Among the most famous Cherokees in history: Sequoyah (1767–1843), leader and inventor of the Cherokee writing system that took the tribe from an illiterate group to one of the best educated peoples in the country during the early-to-mid 1800s. Will Rogers (1879–1935), famed journalist and entertainer. Joseph J.
Today, the Shakopee Mdewakanton are believed to be the richest tribe in American history as measured by individual personal wealth: Each adult, according to court records and confirmed by one tribal member, receives a monthly payment of around $84,000, or $1.08 million a year.
A Cherokee born today would stand to receive at least $168,000 when he or she turns 18. The tribe pays for financial training classes for both high school students and adults. It is not a requirement that tribal members drawing checks live on the reservation, though approximately 10,000 do.
The seven clans are: Wolf – (a-ni-wa-ya), Deer – (a-ni-a-ha-wi), Bird – (a-ni-tsi-s-qua), Longhair – (a-ni-gi-lo-hi), Wild Potato – (a-ni-go-da-ge-wi), Blue – (a-ni-sa-ho-ni), Paint – (a-ni-wo-di).
They did not live in teepees, but had permanent villages with substantial houses. At the time of their removal, the Cherokee had a higher literacy rate than the non-Indian Americans.
Unlike other American Indian cultures, the ancient Cherokee did not believe in a “mother Earth” or “father Sky” but in a single “Great Spirit”. The Cherokee revere the Great Spirit Unetlanvhi (“Creator”), who presides over all things and created the Earth.
The Cherokee Indians lived in villages. They built circular homes made of river cane, sticks, and plaster. They covered the roofs with thatch and left a small hole in the center to let the smoke out. The Cherokees also built larger seven-sided buildings for ceremonial purposes.
While both tribes still had common enemies (Iroquois, Catawba, and Chickasaw), this treachery destroyed any trust or friendship that had existed between the Cherokee and Shawnee.
Cherokee society is matrilineal so the child takes its name from its mother. There would be a ceremony within seven days of the birth, including the tribe’s priest and several wise women. A prominent elderly woman would name the baby based on its appearance at birth or, resemblance to some object.
They used animal skins ( deerskin ) as clothing. Shelter was made from the material around them (saplings, leaves, small branches, animal fur). Native peoples of the past farmed, hunted, and fished. They used natural resources such as rock, twine, bark, and oyster shell to farm, hunt, and fish.