Summary and Definition: The Bannock tribe were nomadic hunter gatherers who inhabited lands occupied by the Great Basin cultural group. The tribe fought in the 1878 Bannock and the Sheepeater Wars. The names of the most famous chief of the Bannock tribe was Chief Buffalo Horn.
Bannock, North American Indian tribe that lived in what is now southern Idaho, especially along the Snake River and its tributaries, and joined with the Shoshone tribe in the second half of the 19th century.
Bannock men wore breechcloths and leggings, as well as buckskin shirts when the weather was cool. Both men and women wore Native moccasins on their feet. Later, Bannock people adapted European costume such as cloth dresses and vests, decorating them with beadwork and floral patterns.
For water transport, they made tule reed rafts. Prior to the late 19th century, Bannock people fished for salmon on the Snake River in Idaho and in the fall, they hunted buffalo herds.
Bannock is a type of fry bread, which originates from Scotland but was eventually adopted by the Indigenous peoples of Canada, particularly the Métis of western Canada. Bannock stems from the Gaelic word bannach, which means “morsel,” a short and sweet but accurate description.
Famous Shoshone People include Chief Little Soldier, Chief Pocatello, Chief Bear Hunter, Chief Washakie, and the most famous of the Shoshone, Sacagawea. They are not known for their jewelry, but Shoshone artists are famous for their beautiful beadwork, woven baskets, art and paintings, including those on tanned hides.
Most Indigenous nations in North America have some version of bannock. Inuit call it palauga, Mi’kmaq luskinikn, and Ojibwa ba’wezhiganag. The word derives from the Gaelic bannach, meaning morsel, which in turn likely came from the Latin panis, which means bread. Bannock.
|Article by||John Robert Colombo|
|Updated by||Brad Dunne|
The Shoshone Indians, also known as the Snake Nation, occupied areas both east and west of the Rocky Mountains. Unlike the bands west of the Rockies, which lived in roofless grass huts and hunted fish, birds and rabbits, the Shoshones in the east and north lived in tepees and hunted buffalo.
The Shoshone Indians were far-ranging people. Different bands of Shoshoni Indians lived in what is now Idaho, Nevada, Wyoming, Montana, Utah, and even parts of California. Most Shoshone people still live in these areas today.
Although clothing varied throughout the Great Basin, there were basic items that were common. Men often wore poncho-like shirts made of skins (usually buckskin) or twined sagebrush bark. Breechcloths were worn with the shirts, or alone in warmer weather. Skin or twined bark leggings were also worn.
Depending on where they lived, Great Basin tribes, Pauite, Shoshone, Utes and Washoes consumed roots, bulbs, seeds, nuts (especially acorns and pinons), berries (chokecherries, service berries), grasses, cattails, ducks, rabbits, squirrels, antelope, beavers, deer, bison, elk, lizards, insects, grubs and fish (salmon,
The American Indians of the Great Basin culture area lived in the desert region that reaches from the Rocky Mountains west to the Sierra Nevada. The Columbia Plateau lies to the north, and the Mojave Desert is to the south.
Shoshone, also spelled Shoshoni; also called Snake, North American Indian group that occupied the territory from what is now southeastern California across central and eastern Nevada and northwestern Utah into southern Idaho and western Wyoming.
The Shoshone-Bannock tribal reservation is located in southeastern Idaho in Bannock, Bingham, Caribou and Power counties. The reservation is approximately 521,519 acres and is home to a population of roughly 4,038 Native American residents.