Zuni, also spelled Zuñi, North American Indian tribe of what is now west-central New Mexico, on the Arizona border. The Zuni are a Pueblo Indian group and speak a Penutian language. They are believed to be descendants of the prehistoric Ancestral Pueblo (Anasazi).
Zuni people lived in adobe houses or pueblos, which are multi-story house complexes made of large stones cemented together with adobe (a baked mixture of clay and straw). Each adobe unit was home to one family, like a modern apartment. Zuni people used ladders to reach the upstairs apartments.
The Zuni have been known for making turquoise and silver jewelry, beadworks, baskets, and pottery. Pottery played a vital role in the Zuni community.
Rocks of Permian to Quaternary age supply stock, irrigation, and domestic water to the Zuni Indians. The Glorieta Sandstone and San Andres Limestone (Glorieta-San Andres aquifer) of Permian age and sandstones in the Chinle Formation of Triassic age provide most of this water supply.
1: a member of an American Indian people of western New Mexico. 2: the language of the Zuni people.
The current day Zuni are a Federally recognized tribe and most live in the Pueblo of Zuni on the Zuni River, a tributary of the Little Colorado River, in western New Mexico, United States.
Although some Zuni have converted to Catholic and Protestant faiths—including Mormonism —the Zuni religion remains so dominant in the pueblo that several members of the tribe told me that despite having elected officials, they feel they live in a theocracy controlled by priests.
Archeologists believe Zuni history began well before 2500 B.C. when the tribe moved into the Southwest as big game hunters. Between 2500 B.C. and 700 A.D. the Zuni Indians made their first attempts at agriculture and hunted smaller game.
The buffalo was the most important natural resource of the Plains Indians. The Plains Indians were hunters. They hunted many kinds of animals, but it was the buffalo which provided them with all of their basic needs: food, clothing, and shelter.
They only wore breechcloths or short kilts. The Zuni women wore kneelength cotton dresses called mantas. A manta secured at a women’s right shoulder, leaving her left shoulder uncovered.
Zuni Jewelry. The Zuni jewelry makers are known primarily for their intricate stonework designs. Stones for these pieces are cut down and shaped for placement in precise and intricate designs. The main styles of Zuni jewelry are Clusterwork, Needlepoint, Petit Point and Inlay.
ZUNI is not a valid scrabble word.
Today the Zuni Pueblo, some 35 miles south of Gallup, New Mexico has a population of about 6,000. Archeological evidence shows they have lived in this location for about 1,300 years. Their tribal name is A’shiwi (Shi’wi), meaning “the flesh.” The name “Zuni” was a Spanish adaptation of a word of unknown meaning.
The Zuni (Zuñi) River is a tributary of the Little Colorado River in the southwestern United States. It has its origin in Cibola County, New Mexico, in the Zuñi Mountains at the Continental Divide. Zuni River.
|• elevation||5,407 ft (1,648 m)|
|Basin size||1,300 sq mi (3,400 km2)|
Settlers in the Zuni territory, Davis says, were an amalgam of Japanese, Anasazi and A:shiwi — the name the Zuni give themselves. Evidence she has collected to support her theory includes language, religion and crafts with roots in Japanese tradition but distinctive from other Native American cultures.