They grew corn, beans, melons, tobacco, pumpkins, squash, gourds, and plums. They also gathered fruits and nuts. Although they lived near rivers the Wichita did not eat fish.
The Wichita were successful hunters and farmers and skilled traders and negotiators. Their historical homelands stretched from San Antonio, Texas in the south to as far north as Great Bend, Kansas. A semi-sedentary people, they occupied northern Texas in the early 18th century.
Whether they were farming tribes or not, most Native American tribes had very meat -heavy diets. Favorite meats included buffalo, elk, caribou, deer, and rabbit; salmon and other fish; ducks, geese, turkeys and other birds; clams and other shellfish; and marine mammals like seals or even whales.
The Wichita also traded the dried pumpkin and squash mats to other tribes that did not grow crops. Their clothing was made from the tanned hides of animals. Women wore moccasins, leggings, and skirts to protect their skin from the tall grasses. Elks teeth were considered prized to the Wichita and were often traded.
Wichita, self- name Kitikiti’sh, North American Indian people of Caddoan linguistic stock who originally lived near the Arkansas River in what is now the state of Kansas. They were encountered by the Spanish in the mid-16th century and became the first group of Plains Indians subject to missionization.
In the 21st century, the Comanche Nation has 17,000 members, around 7,000 of whom reside in tribal jurisdictional areas around Lawton, Fort Sill, and the surrounding areas of southwestern Oklahoma.
Air Capital of the World, The Emerald City, Doo – Dah, ICT! Doo – Dah according to the Urban Dictionary: “Another name for Wichita, KS. Origins unknown, but perhaps it references the laid-back, whimsical attitude felt by some visitors to the city”. Wichita Kansas has EARNED many nicknames over the years.
The Wichita band of Indians was one of several bands that composed the Wichita confederacy. The Wichita called themselves Kitikiti’sh, meaning “raccoon eyes,” because the designs of tattoos around the men’s eyes resembled the eyes of the raccoon.
The true statements of the ” Wichita tribe ” are: 1) they were descended from the Plains Village Farmers. 4) their society was matrilineal, but men still made decisions for the tribe. 5) they were part of the Caddoan language family.
The native North American Prunus spp. include plums, cherries, and ‘peaches’, many of which are edible. Grapes — There are both Old World grapes (e.g., Vitis vinifera, the wine grape ) and New World grapes.
|Cereals||Maize (corn), maygrass, and little barley|
|Fruits||Tomatoes, chili peppers, avocados, cranberries, black raspberries, blackberries, blueberries, elderberries, huckleberries, cherimoyas, papayas, pawpaws, passionfruit, pineapples, red raspberries, soursops and strawberries|
The Arapaho, Assiniboine, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Comanche, Crow, Gros Ventre, Kiowa, Plains Apache, Plains Cree, Plains Ojibwe, Sarsi, Shoshone, Sioux, and Tonkawa. and were all nomadic tribes who followed the buffalo herds and lived in tipis.
Wichita Facts Wichita is known as the “Air Capital of the World.” Wichita is the birthplace of Pizza Hut and White Castle fast-food chains. A.A. Hyde discovered Mentholatum in 1894 in the current The Spice Merchant & Company building.
Wichita or Wich·i·tas. 1. A member of a Native American confederacy formerly inhabiting south-central Kansas and later moving southward into Oklahoma and Texas, with a present-day population in southwest Oklahoma. 2. The Caddoan language of the Wichita.
We know much of what we do about Indians because George Catlin took the time to record and paint their habits and dress. Well, in 1834 he went with Colonel Henry Dodge and his Dragoon Expedition. They came across the Wichita living on the Red River.