The Wichita were successful hunters and farmers and skilled traders and negotiators. Their historical homelands stretched from San Antonio, Texas in the south to as far north as Great Bend, Kansas. A semi-sedentary people, they occupied northern Texas in the early 18th century.
They grew corn, beans, melons, tobacco, pumpkins, squash, gourds, and plums. They also gathered fruits and nuts. Although they lived near rivers the Wichita did not eat fish.
The Wichita wore clothes made of tanned hides. The men wore shirts and loin cloths and leggings. Both men and women wore moccasins. The women wore dresses that reached from their chin to their ankles.
Wichita, Kansas, owes its name to the early presence of the tribe in that area. Slightly darker in color than other native people of Texas, the Wichitas were distinguished by their elaborate tattoos, the scalp-lock worn by the men, and the custom of the women to remain nude from the waist up.
Air Capital of the World, The Emerald City, Doo – Dah, ICT! Doo – Dah according to the Urban Dictionary: “Another name for Wichita, KS. Origins unknown, but perhaps it references the laid-back, whimsical attitude felt by some visitors to the city”. Wichita Kansas has EARNED many nicknames over the years.
Wichita Facts Wichita is known as the “Air Capital of the World.” Wichita is the birthplace of Pizza Hut and White Castle fast-food chains. A.A. Hyde discovered Mentholatum in 1894 in the current The Spice Merchant & Company building.
Wichita, self- name Kitikiti’sh, North American Indian people of Caddoan linguistic stock who originally lived near the Arkansas River in what is now the state of Kansas. They were encountered by the Spanish in the mid-16th century and became the first group of Plains Indians subject to missionization.
The true statements of the ” Wichita tribe ” are: 1) they were descended from the Plains Village Farmers. 4) their society was matrilineal, but men still made decisions for the tribe. 5) they were part of the Caddoan language family.
In the 21st century, the Comanche Nation has 17,000 members, around 7,000 of whom reside in tribal jurisdictional areas around Lawton, Fort Sill, and the surrounding areas of southwestern Oklahoma.
Wichita oral tradition tells us that the Wichita and the Pawnee are related. People from what is now Arkansas and Louisiana migrated to the Platte River in what is now Nebraska.
Unlike many Plains Indians the Wichita had a mixed economy of nomadic wanderings and farming. For most of the year they stayed in permanent villages constructed of conical grass houses.
Wichita or Wich·i·tas. 1. A member of a Native American confederacy formerly inhabiting south-central Kansas and later moving southward into Oklahoma and Texas, with a present-day population in southwest Oklahoma. 2. The Caddoan language of the Wichita.
The Wichitas built tall beehive-shaped houses thatched with grass. Here are some pictures of a grass house like the ones Wichita Indians used. When Wichita men went on hunting trips, they often used small buffalo -hide tipis (or teepees) as temporary shelter, similar to camping tents.
The Wichita and their Comanche allies were known to the Spanish as theNorteños (Northerners). In 1759, in response to the destruction by theNorteños of the San Saba Mission the Spanish undertook an expedition to punish the Indians.