The Blackfoot, who are also called Blackfeet, Indians were originally a nomadic American Indian tribe that migrated from the Great Lakes region to the Northwestern United States. They lived in the Northern Great Plains, specifically in Montana and Idaho as well as Alberta Canada.
Typical of the Plains Indians in many aspects of their culture, the Blackfoot, also known as Blackfeet, were nomadic hunter-gatherers, living in teepees and subsisting primarily on buffalo and gathered vegetable foods.
The Blackfeet Indian Reservation is home to the 17,321-member Blackfeet Nation, one of the 10 largest tribes in the United States. Established by treaty in 1855, the reservation is located in northwest Montana.
Interesting Facts about the Blackfoot People When pitching a new camp, the Blackfoot always built their teepees with the entrance facing east. The four tribes making up the Blackfoot nation are the Southern Piegan, Kainai, Siksika, and Northern Piegan. The Blackfoot enjoyed decorating their clothing and their teepees.
The most war-like and aggressive? The Comanche Tribe. Known by the Americans as the “Lords of the South Plain,” even the other various Native tribes feared the Comanche. The Spanish Empire even cut their border in a way that forbid Spanish settlers from entering their lands.
The Blackfoot in the United States are officially known as the Blackfeet Nation, though the Blackfoot word siksika, from which the English name was translated, is not plural.
Blackfoot Religion and Ceremonies The Blackfoot religion was very complex. Their main god was the sun, but they also believed in a supernatural being named Napi, which means ‘Old Man. ‘ The Blackfoot tribe also had complicated beliefs about supernatural powers in connection with nature.
The Blackfoot lived to the south of the Red Deer River, and the Cree lived to the north. This angered the Cree so there was always a state of war between the two tribes. In about the year 1867, the Blackfoot had a young chief named Buffalo Child, and the Cree also had a young chief whose name was Little Bear.
Today, the Shakopee Mdewakanton are believed to be the richest tribe in American history as measured by individual personal wealth: Each adult, according to court records and confirmed by one tribal member, receives a monthly payment of around $84,000, or $1.08 million a year.
The Sihásapa or Blackfoot Sioux are a division of the Lakota people, Titonwan, or Teton. Sihásapa is the Lakota word for ” Blackfoot “, whereas Siksiká has the same meaning in the Blackfoot language. The Sihásapa lived in the western Dakotas on the Great Plains, and consequently are among the Plains Indians.
Under the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, the Blackfeet became a federally – recognized tribe, with their own Constitution and By-Laws, approved and ratified in the fall of 1935.
Blackfeet: ( Hello ) Oki! (pronounced “oh-kee”); (go home), waahkayi.
Today there are about 25,000 citizens of the four Blackfoot Indian bands. About 10,000 of them live in the United States, and the rest live in Canada. There are also many other people who are Blackfoot descendants but are not tribal members.
The Blackfoot did not participate in a money economy prior to contact with Europeans. The Blackfoot engaged primarily in barter and trade before contact. Instead of using money to acquire these goods, they provided buffalo skins and other furs.
1: a member of an American Indian people of Montana, Alberta, and Saskatchewan. 2: the Algonquian language of the Blackfeet.