The Shawnee are an Algonquian-speaking Native American tribe whose original origins are unclear. But, by 1600, they were living in the Ohio River Valley in the states of Ohio, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Indiana.
They received this action by a Congressional bill and are now known as the ” Shawnee Tribe “. Today, most members of the three federally recognized tribes of the Shawnee nation reside in Oklahoma.
Shawnee, an Algonquian-speaking North American Indian people who lived in the central Ohio River valley.
“Originally there were five clans ‘ composing the Shawnee tribe, including the two principal clans, Tha-we-gi-la and Cha-lah-kaw-tha, from one of which came the national or principal chief.
The Shawnee were traditionally farming people and hunters and fishermen. The tools used by the Shawnee included spears, tomahawks, and bows and arrows. Shawnee arts and crafts included wood carving, pottery, and beadwork, which they are well- known for.
Religion – The Shawnee. Like many indian tribes, the Shawnee worshipped the Great Spirit. The Great Spirit had two deities under it. The one referred to as “Grandmother” was in charge of indian affairs.
Government. The headquarters of the Shawnee Tribe is Miami, Oklahoma. Currently, there are about 10,000 enrolled tribal members, with 1,070 of them living within the state of Oklahoma.
The word Shawnee comes from the Algonquian word ‘shawun’ which means southerner. Other interpretations of the word suggest it might mean “those who have silver”. The Iroquois called them the Ontoagannha, which meant People of Unintelligible Speech according to Allan Eckert in his book “That Dark and Bloody River.”
The Shawnee language is a Central Algonquian language spoken in parts of central and northeastern Oklahoma by the Shawnee people. It was originally spoken in Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky and Pennsylvania. It is closely related to other Algonquian languages, such as Mesquakie-Sauk (Sac and Fox) and Kickapoo.
Among the Historic Indian Tribes occupying or claiming land in Ohio were the Shawnee Tribe, the Chippewa Tribe, the Ojibwa Tribe, the Delaware Tribe, the Wyandot Tribe, the Eel River Tribe, the Kaskaskia Tribe, the Iroquois Tribe, the Miami Tribe, the Munsee Tribe, the Seneca-Cayuga Tribe, the Ottawa Tribe, the
1: a member of an American Indian people originally of the central Ohio valley. 2: the Algonquian language of the Shawnee people.
Over land, the Shawnee tribe used dogs as pack animals. (There were no horses in North America until colonists brought them over from Europe.) Today, of course, Shawnee people also use cars and non-native people also use canoes.
Shawnee Words ko’tha-father. neegah-mother (nikya-my mother) Nikitakwelemele- I love you. neahw/niyaawe- thank you. hatito-Hello. thétha(?)-brother. Neeme Waapa Nepi Kweewa(?)- my beautiful perfect wife.