The ancestors of the Ojibwe lived throughout the northeastern part of North America and along the Atlantic Coast. Due to a combination of prophecies and tribal warfare, around 1,500 years ago the Ojibwe people left their homes along the ocean and began a slow migration westward that lasted for many centuries.
The Ojibwe, Ojibwa, Chippewa, or Saulteaux are an Anishinaabe people in what is currently southern Canada and the northern Midwestern United States. There are 77,940 mainline Ojibwe; 76,760 Saulteaux; and 8,770 Mississauga, organized in 125 bands. They live from western Quebec to eastern British Columbia.
Chippewa ( Ojibwe ) In Michigan, the Chippewa people occupied the eastern half of the Lower Peninsula and most of the Upper Peninsula. Members of the Chippewa tribe: Used the resources of the Great Lakes as well as inland lakes, rivers, and streams. Moved their villages to follow the fish and game.
A few bands of Ojibwe lived in southern Michigan, where they subsisted principally by hunting, though all had summer residences, where they raised min-dor-min (corn), potatoes, turnips, beans, and sometimes squashes, pumpkins, and melons.
There are seven original clans: Crane, Loon, Bear, Fish, Marten, Deer and Bird.
Religion. The Ojibwa religion was mainly self centered and focused on the belief in power received from spirits during visions and dreams. Some of the forces and spirits in Ojibwa belief were benign and not feared, such as Sun, Moon, Four Winds, Thunder and Lightning.
The Sioux were by far their biggest enemy. For 130 years, the Ojibwe and Sioux battled contiuously until the Treaty of 1825, when the two tribes were separated. The Sioux recieved what is now southern Minnesota, while the Ojibwe recieved most of northern Minnesota (see map on main page for details).
The Ojibwe call themselves ” Anishinaabeg,” which means the “True People” or the “Original People.” Other Indians and Europeans called them “Ojibwe” or “Chippewa,” which meant “puckered up,” probably because the Ojibwe traditionally wore moccasins with a puckered seam across the top.
The primary Native American languages in Michigan are Ojibwe, Odawa, & Potawatomi, all of which are dialects of Algonquin. The name of Michigan itself is derived from Ottawa “mishigami” meaning “large water” or “great water” in reference to the Great Lakes.
Michigan Tribal Governments Michigan is home to a total of twelve federally-acknowledged Indian tribes that enjoy a special status under federal law and treaties.
Anishinaabemowin (also called Ojibwemowin, the Ojibwe/Ojibwa language, or Chippewa ) is an Indigenous language, generally spanning from Manitoba to Québec, with a strong concentration around the Great Lakes.
Games: The Ojibwa used games to teach their children many things, including good behavior, safe behavior, and other important manners and skills. These games were creative and fun, and are still enjoyed today. They include Butterfly Hide and Seek, and Moccasin Pebble.
How did the Ojibwe people give back to the natural world whenever they harvested plants or hunted animals? They offerer gifts of food and tobacco.
What is the difference between Chippewa, Ojibway, Ojibwe, and Ojibwa? There is no difference. All these different spellings refer to the same people. In the United States more people use ‘ Chippewa,’ and in Canada more people use ‘ Ojibway,’ but all four of these spellings are common.