The Native American Navajo tribe is one of the largest tribes of American Indians. They lived in the Southwest in areas that are today Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah. The name ” Navajo ” comes from the Spanish who called them the Apaches of Navajo.
The Navajo tribe lived in Earthen houses that were also called hogans, earth lodges or pit houses. Hogans were semi-subterranean dwellings that were dug from the earth. A wooden domed mound was built over the top that was covered with earth or reeds.
Hogan, traditional dwelling and ceremonial structure of the Navajo Indians of Arizona and New Mexico. Early hogans were dome -shaped buildings with log, or occasionally stone, frameworks. Once framed, the structure was then covered with mud, dirt, or sometimes sod.
With a 27,000-square-mile reservation and more than 250,000 members, the Navajo Tribe is the largest American Indian tribe in the United States today. More than 1,000 Navajo live, off-reservation, in the region today.
1. Manuelito “Little Manuel,” 1818-1894. Manuelito is probably the best-known Navajo for the role he played in ensuring the continued existence of the Navajo people. Born in the Folded Arms People, or Bit’ahni, Manuelito was unknown until he became the headman of his group.
In Navajo, yatahey, pronounced / yah -ah-Teh/, is a common greeting. It literally translates to ”all is good’.
The Diné believe there are two classes of beings: the Earth People and the Holy People. The Holy People are believed to have the power to aid or harm the Earth People. Since Earth People of the Diné are an integral part of the universe, they must do everything they can to maintain harmony or balance on Mother Earth.
The Navajo and the Apache are closely related tribes, descended from a single group that scholars believe migrated from Canada. When the hunter-gatherer ancestors of the Navajo and Apache migrated south, they brought their language and nomadic lifestyle with them.
Known to its speakers as Diné, Navajo is an Athabaskan language spoken by 150,000 people. Although Navajo is the most-spoken Native American language in the U.S., it is rarely spoken outside of the Navajo reservation.
Holy People: The Navajo believed in good and evil. Their Holy People were supernatural beings with the power to hurt or help the Navajo people. Some of the Holy People were named Talking God, Changing Woman, Bear, Ant, and Corn People.
Pronounced “di-nay,” the term derives from the group’s traditional Athabaskan language and can mean both “people of the Earth” and “man.” The term Navajo has no clear meaning and was bestowed by the Spanish when they claimed control over the 17 million acres that is now Navajo land.
The sprawling Navajo reservation, located in parts of Arizona, Utah and New Mexico, is the largest and most populous Indian reservation, with 14 million acres of trust lands, which are leased for farming, grazing, and oil, gas and other mineral extraction.
It’s estimated that the Shakopee Mdewakanton tribe – the owners of Mystic Lake Casino Hotel and Little Six Casino – bring in more that $1 billion each year in revenue. With fewer than 500 members in the tribe, once dispersed, each member earns approximately $1.08 million annually.
Adults will be eligible for payments of $1,500 while those younger than 18 on March 1 are eligible for $500. Nez said in a statement that there isn’t enough funding to cover payments for all of the more than 320,000 enrolled members of the tribe, so the money should be directed to elders and those most in need.
Poverty rates on the ten largest reservations
|Reservation||Location||Poverty Rate (Families with Children)|
|Tohono O’odham Indian Reservation||Arizona||44.3|
|Cheyenne River Indian Reservation||South Dakota||42.3|
|Standing Rock Indian Reservation||South Dakota and North Dakota||41.2|
|Crow Indian Reservation||Montana||31.5|