The Aleut people historically lived throughout the Aleutian Islands, the Shumagin Islands, and the far western part of the Alaska Peninsula, with an estimated population of around 25,000 prior to European contact.
Aleut, self-names Unangax̂ and Sugpiaq, a native of the Aleutian Islands and the western portion of the Alaska Peninsula of northwestern North America. The name Aleut derives from the Russian; the people refer to themselves as the Unangax̂ and the Sugpiaq.
The staple diet of the Aleut were fish products and shellfish. These were supplemented by the meat obtained from sea animals such as the seal, whale and sea lions. The Aleut ate a great variety of shellfish including crab, shrimp, mussels and clams.
The Aleuts particularly relied on seals, sea lions, and fish. From seals they ate the meat and burned the fat in stone lamps for heat and light. They used seal intestines to make waterproof clothing and used bristles of the seal’s beard for ornaments. The Aleuts also hunted sea otters, porpoises, and whales.
Although the name ” Eskimo ” was commonly used in Alaska to refer to Inuit and Yupik people of the world, this usage is now considered unacceptable by many or even most Alaska Natives, largely since it is a colonial name imposed by non-Indigenous people.
1: a member of a people of the Aleutian and Shumagin islands and the western part of Alaska Peninsula. 2: the language of the Aleuts.
The name ” Alaska ” derives from the Aleut word Alaxsxaq (also spelled Alyeska), meaning “mainland” (literally, “the object toward which the action of the sea is directed”).
Various sources estimate there are fewer than 100 to 150 remaining active Aleut speakers. Eastern and Atkan Aleut are classified as “critically and severely endangered” and have an EGIDS rating of 7.
Summary and Definition: The Inuit tribe were a hardy people who were nomadic fishermen and hunters. The Inuit tribe lived on the western and northern coasts along the Bering Sea and the Arctic Ocean. They survived the harsh climate in igloos made of snow bricks or in tepee-shaped tents.
In southwestern Alaska, those two plates meet head on, and the Pacific plate sinks beneath the North American plate. In this subduction zone, some of the ocean plate melts and the molten rock pushes to the surface in a string of 40 active volcanoes, forming the Aleutian Islands.
The Aleutian Island chain extends from the Alaska Peninsula almost 1,500 km to the east between the Bering Sea and the Gulf of Alaska. It is composed of a series of sedimentary islands capped by steep volcanoes.
The name ” Alaska ” is derived from the Aleut “alaxsxaq”, meaning “the mainland” or, more literally, “the object towards which the action of the sea is directed”. It is also known as “Alyeska”, the “great land”, an Aleut word derived from the same root.
The meat is considered to be edible for up to three days after the animal has been shot, due to the cold water conditions around St. Paul. The sharing of sea lion meat after the kill is an important part of the community ethic.
The proximate role played by seals and sea lions is obvious: they are predators and consumers of fish and invertebrates. Others may play a structural role by influencing the physical complexity of their environment; or they may synthesize the marine environment and serve as indicators of ecosystem change.