Inuit ate only meat and fish. Lichens and moss were the only types of vegetation that grew in the Arctic. The Inuit people did not want to eat the lichens and moss right off the rocks.
The Eskimo experience serves as a testament to the miraculous strengths and adaptability of our bodies. We can survive on raw and cooked meat, but we thrive on starches, vegetables and fruits. These hardy people survived living at the edge of the nutritional envelope, but not in good health.
“On their traditional diet, rich in fat from marine mammals, Inuit seemed quite healthy with a low incidence of cardiovascular disease, so fish oil must be protective. “We’ve now found that they have unique genetic adaptations to this diet, so you cannot extrapolate from them to other populations.
Inuit have always eaten food raw, frozen, thawed out, dried, aged, or cached ( Slightly aged ) meat for thousands of years. People still eat uncooked meat today. Raw meat will keep the hunter energized and mobile to do his chores effectively and productively. A cooked meal will be digested much quicker than raw meat.
While igloos are no longer the common type of housing used by the Inuit, they remain culturally significant in Arctic communities. Igloos also retain practical value: some hunters and those seeking emergency shelter still use them. (See also Architectural History of Indigenous Peoples in Canada.)
One pastime the Inuit children enjoyed was games. Children spent a lot of time outside playing tag or hide and seek or pretending to hunt. But there were other games for the young and old during the long, dark winter months, when there was little else to do.
Main results. In 1991, life expectancy at birth in the Inuit-inhabited areas was about 68 years, which was 10 years lower than for Canada overall. From 1991 to 2001, life expectancy in the Inuit-inhabited areas did not increase, although it rose by about two years for Canada as a whole.
In 1991 (1989-1993), life expectancy at birth (both sexes combined) in the Inuit-inhabited areas was about 68 years (95% CI 66.8 to 68.8) (Chart 1, Table 5). By 2001 (1999 to 2003), life expectancy in these areas had not increased, and may even have declined by about a year (95% CI -2.2 to +0.4).
Cooked meat contains very little vitamin C, notes Donald Beitz, a nutritional biochemist at Iowa State University. Moreover, meat lacks fiber, so you’d probably be constipated. All in all, you wouldn’t be healthy or comfortable. That said, some groups of people have survived—even thrived—on an animal- only diet.
Many Inuit live in 53 communities across the northern regions of Canada, mostly along the Arctic coast, in Inuit Nunangat, which means “the place where Inuit live.” Inuit Nunangat consists of four regions: the Northwest Territories and Yukon (Inuvialuit), Nunavut, Northern Quebec (Nunavik), and the northeastern coast
These traditional Inuit foods include arctic char, seal, polar bear and caribou — often consumed raw, frozen or dried.
Native foods easily supply those 10 milligrams of scurvy prevention, especially when organ meats — preferably raw — are on the menu. Traditional Inuit practices like freezing meat and fish and frequently eating them raw, she notes, conserve vitamin C, which is easily cooked off and lost in food processing.
Some people consider Eskimo offensive, because it is popularly perceived to mean “eaters of raw meat” in Algonquian languages common to people along the Atlantic coast.
To survive this cold weather the Inuit tribe needed to wear warm clothing. Some of this clothing were big furry boots with tunics and trousers over them. They wore caribou skin with stockings and parkas and other animal skins like oxen, polar bear, and birds. In summer they wore seal skin mostly.