The Paiute people strongly believe in “Puha” or power, a traditional belief that everything in the universe has a life force. The Paiute practice meditation and perform special rituals in an attempt to harness the puha. It is believed that health, wartime victory, weather and fertility were attainable through puha.
Because the Paiutes did not adopt the horse as a means of transportation, their communities were frequently raided for slaves by neighboring equestrian tribes, New Mexicans, and, eventually, Americans.
The Paiute occupied the Great Basin desert areas of Nevada, California, Oregon, Idaho, Arizona, and Utah. Modern-day members of the tribe live on more than two dozen reservations located throughout Nevada, California, Oregon, Utah, and Arizona. The largest numbers of Paiute live in California, Nevada, and Utah.
Today Southern Paiute communities are located at Las Vegas, Pahrump, and Moapa, in Nevada; Cedar City, Kanosh, Koosharem, Shivwits, and Indian Peaks, in Utah; at Kaibab and Willow Springs, in Arizona.
Paiute–sometimes called Northern Paiute to distinguish it from Ute –is a Uto-Aztecan language of the Western Plateau. The language is spoken natively by more than 1000 Paiute Indians in Nevada, California, Oregon and Idaho and also by some Shoshone -Bannock people in Idaho. Paiute language samples and resources.
1: a member of an American Indian people originally of Utah, Arizona, Nevada, and California. 2: either of the two Uto-Aztecan languages of the Paiute people.
Winnemucca (Paiute leader)
|Other names||Wobitsawahkah, Mubetawaka, and Poito|
|Organization||Tribe: Kuyuidika band, Northern Paiute (born a Shoshone)|
|Known for||Northern Paiute war chief|
Tribes like the Comanche and Cheyenne who had horses and knew how to use them first pushed other tribes like the Apache, Wichita and Tonkawa south and west off the plains. The Apache who now live in New Mexico and in Old Mexico used to live way up in the Texas panhandle and north of Texas.
The Ute and Southern Paiute Indians are descended from the same group of Numic-speaking hunter-gatherers that began migrating east from southern California around A.D. 1000. Historically, the two groups shared similar, but not identical, hunter-gatherer lifestyles.
The Southern Paiutes of Utah live in the southwestern corner of the state where the Great Basin and the Colorado Plateau meet. The Southern Paiute language is one of the northern Numic branches of the large Uto-Aztecan language family. Most scholars agree that the Paiutes entered Utah about A.D. 1100-1200.
Before they started raising sheep, the Navajo wore clothes made of woven yucca plants or deerskin. The men wore breechcloths and the women skirts. Their shoes were soft leather moccasins. Later, they wore clothes woven from the wool of sheep.
The shelter that the Paiute tribe used were called wicki-ups. A wicki-up is a large shelter that is made of sticks laying on each other, and it is covered with grass and other small branches. The reason the Paiutes lived in these is because they lived in large families, so they had to have a large shelter.
Original Tribes of Missouri Chickasaw. Illini. Ioway. Otoe – Missouria. Osage. Quapaw. Sac & Fox. Shawnee.
The word Goshute (Gosuite) is derived from the native word Kutsipiuti (Gutsipiuti), which means “desert people,” and the name is fitting. The Goshute people occupied some of the most arid land in North America and exemplified the Great Basin desert way of life.
Bear Dance is a Native American ceremonial dance that occurs in the spring. It is a ten-day event to strengthen social ties within the community, encourage courtship, and mark the end of puberty for girls.