The Wampanoag are one of many Nations of people all over North America who were here long before any Europeans arrived, and have survived until today. Many people use the word “Indian” to describe us, but we prefer to be called Native People. Our name, Wampanoag, means People of the First Light.
The Wampanoag tribe was known for their beadwork, wood carvings, and baskets. Here are some pictures of a Wampanoag basket being woven. Wampanoag artists were especially famous for crafting wampum out of white and purple shell beads.
The Wampanoag tribe taught their people the importance of humility and thankfulness. The Wampanoag tribe has a creator, not a god. Because for the Wampanoag tribe, their creator is like a god, they believe that they’re creator is anything around them. Water, Air, Trees, everything.
From 1615 to 1619, the Wampanoag suffered an epidemic, long suspected to be smallpox. Modern research, however, has suggested that it may have been leptospirosis, a bacterial infection which can develop into Weil’s syndrome. It caused a high fatality rate and decimated the Wampanoag population.
Today there are about four to five thousand Wampanoag. Most live in Massachusetts where there are two federally acknowledged tribes, the Aquinnah Wampanoag and the Mashpee Wampanoag, as well as several smaller bands in areas like Herring Pond, Assonet, and Manomet.
Pilgrim and Wampanoag children learn and play (adapted from www.plimothplantation.org): Do you ever play Naughts and Crosses, Draughts, All Hid, Lummelen, or Hop Frog? You may not think so, but you probably do! These are the names of games that children played in 17th -Century England and that you might play today.
If you’d like to learn to say a Wampanoag word, Wuneekeesuq (pronounced similar to wuh-nee-kee-suck) is a friendly greeting that means “Good day!” You can also see a Wampanoag picture dictionary here. What was the Wampanoag culture like in the past?
The Wampanoag, led by Chief Massasoit, are remembered for the help they gave to the first colonists and for his son Metacom (King Philip ).
A wetu is a domed hut, used by some north-eastern Native American tribes such as the Wampanoag. They provided shelter, sometimes seasonal or temporary, for families near the wooded coast for hunting and fishing.
Facts: The Wampanoag tribe did not commonly wear large, feathery headdresses (or war bonnets) as commonly shown in commercial photos. Instead, women and men of the tribe might have worn a single feather in their hair. Wampanoag tribe members wore clothing made from the skins of deer and rabbit.
The Wampanoag religion was called Spiritualism. This means that the Wampanoag tribe believed in Mother Earth as their god.
But after Champlain and Smith visited, a terrible illness spread through the region. Modern scholars have argued that indigenous communities were devastated by leptospirosis, a disease caused by Old World bacteria that had likely reached New England through the feces of rats that arrived on European ships.
During the winter, the passengers remained on board Mayflower, suffering an outbreak of a contagious disease described as a mixture of scurvy, pneumonia, and tuberculosis. After it was over, only 53 passengers remained—just over half; half of the crew died as well.
Forty – five of the 102 Mayflower passengers died in the winter of 1620 –21, and the Mayflower colonists suffered greatly during their first winter in the New World from lack of shelter, scurvy, and general conditions on board ship. They were buried on Cole’s Hill.
The Mayflower returned to England from Plymouth Colony, arriving back on 9 May 1621. Surrey, England, on 5 March 1621/2. No further record of the Mayflower is found until May 1624, when it was appraised for the purposes of probate and was described as being in ruinis. The ship was almost certainly sold off as scrap.