We currently have pages for the Caddo, Chitimacha, Choctaw, Houma, Natchez, Tunica, Alabama, and Coushatta tribes.
The Tunica people lived in villages of thatched houses. One Tunica family lived in each house. Some Tunica villages had palisades (reinforced walls) around them, to guard against attack. Today, the Tunicas live in modern houses and apartment buildings, just like you.
The Tunica language is an isolate. Over the next centuries, under pressure from hostile neighbors, the Tunica migrated south from the Central Mississippi Valley to the Lower Mississippi Valley. Eventually they moved westward and settled around present-day Marksville, Louisiana.
The Tunica and Biloxi people settled on their current lands near the strategic trade route of the Red River after 1779. The reservation is located just south of Marksville in east-central Louisiana. Tribal lands comprise approximately 1,717 acres of Trust and Fee property in Avoyelles and Rapides Parishes.
The Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana, the Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana, the Jena Band of Choctaw Indians, and the Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe of Louisiana are the four federally-recognized tribes in Louisiana.
All Indians are subject to federal income taxes. However, whenever a member of an Indian tribe conducts business off the reservation, that person, like everyone else, pays both state and local taxes. State income taxes are not paid on reservation or trust lands.
The Biloxi were farming people. Biloxi women did most of the farming, harvesting crops of corn, beans, squash, and sunflowers. Biloxi men did most of the hunting, shooting deer, wild turkeys, and small game. Men also caught fish in the rivers, lakes, and sea coasts.
The Coushatta people have called the piney woods of Southwest Louisiana home for more than a century After the Spanish explorer Hernando DeSoto encountered a Coushatta community on a Tennessee River island in 1540, the Coushattas relocated, beginning a long series of moves aimed at avoiding European encroachment.
Houma women harvested crops of corn, beans, and squash. Houma men hunted for wild turkeys and small game and went fishing and shrimping in their canoes. The Houmas also enjoyed sassafrass tea.
The earliest European account of the Natchez may be from the journals of the Spanish expedition of Hernando de Soto. In 1542 de Soto’s expedition encountered a powerful chiefdom located on the eastern bank of the Mississippi River. Native sources called it “Quigualtam,” after the paramount chief’s name.
The Chakchiuma were a Native American tribe of the upper Yazoo River region of what is today the state of Mississippi.
1. A member of a Native American people formerly inhabiting territory around Biloxi Bay in southeast Mississippi on the Gulf of Mexico. 2. The extinct Siouan language of the Biloxi. [Alteration of Biloxi taneks anya, first people.]
Tribes and Bands of Mississippi Acolapissa. Biloxi. Capinans. Chakchiuma. Choctaw. Choula. Grigra. Houma.