Benjamin was described as a ravenous wolf by his father, and his tribe became known for their ferocity in battle. They did later lead the confederation of tribes into the first Israelite monarchy under Saul, but after that, lost control of the kingdom to Judah.
According to the Torah, the Tribe of Benjamin (Hebrew: בִּנְיָמִן, Modern: Bīnyamīn, Tiberian: Bīnyāmīn) was one of the Twelve Tribes of Israel. The tribe was descended from Benjamin, the youngest son of the patriarch Jacob and his wife Rachel.
The Tribes Benjamin and Judah did not split. At least they did not split in the end though they had previously temporarily separated for about 2 years after the death of King Saul. This occurred after the death of Saul. King Saul had become the first anointed king of Israel.
The descendants of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin have survived as Jews because they were allowed to return to their homeland after the Babylonian Exile of 586 bc.
In Matthew 1:1–6 and Luke 3:31–34 of the New Testament, Jesus is described as a member of the tribe of Judah by lineage.
These are the tribes of Reuben, Simeon, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Manasseh, and Ephraim; all but Judah and Benjamin (as well as some members of Levi, the priestly tribe which did not have its own territory).
Conquered by the Assyrian King Shalmaneser V, they were exiled to upper Mesopotamia and Medes, today modern Syria and Iraq. The Ten Tribes of Israel have never been seen since.
|Samuel Tribe of Levi|
|Preceded by Eli||Judge of Israel||Saul was Anointed king|
The Twelve Tribes of Israel.
Judea or Judaea, and the modern version of Judah (/dʒuːˈdiːə/; from Hebrew: יהודה, Standard Yəhūda, Tiberian Yehūḏā, Greek: Ἰουδαία, Ioudaía; Latin: Iūdaea) is the ancient, historic, Biblical Hebrew, contemporaneous Latin, and the modern-day name of the mountainous southern part of the region of Israel.
The Hebrew Bible depicts it as the successor to the United Monarchy, a term denoting the Kingdom of Israel under biblical kings Saul, David and Solomon and covering the territory of two historical kingdoms, Judah and Israel. Kingdom of Judah.
|Kingdom of Judah |
|Today part of||Israel Palestine|
The tribe of Judah settled in the region south of Jerusalem and in time became the most powerful and most important tribe. Not only did it produce the great kings David and Solomon but also, it was prophesied, the Messiah would come from among its members.
Yahweh, the god of the Israelites, whose name was revealed to Moses as four Hebrew consonants ( YHWH ) called the tetragrammaton. Although Christian scholars after the Renaissance and Reformation periods used the term Jehovah for YHWH, in the 19th and 20th centuries biblical scholars again began to use the form Yahweh.
Since Ephraim and Manasseh (often called the “two half- tribes of Joseph “) together traditionally constituted the tribe of Joseph, it was often not listed as one of the tribes, in favour of Ephraim and Manasseh being listed in its place; consequently it was often termed the House of Joseph (Beit Yoseph, בית יוסף), to
Samaritan, member of a community of Jews, now nearly extinct, that claims to be related by blood to those Jews of ancient Samaria who were not deported by the Assyrian conquerors of the kingdom of Israel in 722 bce.