Around 17,000 Tlingit still reside in the state today, mostly in urban and port areas of Southeastern Alaska (with a smaller-but- still -significant population in the Northwest). They continue carrying on their own rich traditions while actively participating in Alaska’s present-day culture and commerce.
The Tlingit tribe lived in rectangular plankhouses with four main house posts and distinctive sloping roofs. They were built from the red cedar trees or from fir or spruce trees and painted with signs and symbols of the family and clan. Totem posts were erected at the sides of the plankhouse.
Housing. Tlingit tribes historically built plank houses made from cedar and today call them clanhouses; these houses were built with a foundation such that they could store their belongings under the floors.
Some Inuit are fine with the word Eskimo, others are not. Regardless, the decorative and traditional objects made by circumpolar peoples, as well as those in western Alaska (the Aleut) and southeastern Alaska and southwestern Canada (the Tlingit, Haida, and Tsimshian), often get lumped under the heading of Eskimo art.
In the Tlingit language, there is no traditional word for ” hello ” or “goodbye.” “How are you?” is “Wáa sá iyatee?” in Tlingit.
Tlingit artists are known for their basket weaving, totem poles, and their exceptional Chilkat robes and other weavings.
The total Tlingit population in Alaska is about 10,000 in 16 communities with about 500 speakers of the language. Tlingit is one branch of the Athabascan-Eyak- Tlingit language family. Common Expressions.
|tsu yéi ikḵwasateen||see you later|
Northern Tlingit groups reportedly favored clothing made of animal skin, such as deer or seal, but cedar bark clothing offered more protection from frequent rains in Southeast Alaska. Cedar bark skirts/aprons were conical in shape with woven lengths of bark tied at the back of the waistband.
The culture of the Tlingit, an Indigenous people from Alaska, British Columbia, and the Yukon, is multifaceted, a characteristic of Northwest Coast peoples with access to easily exploited rich resources. In Tlingit culture a heavy emphasis is placed upon family and kinship, and on a rich tradition of oratory.
The Tlingit population numbers 16,771.
In 1802, Chief Katlia of Sitka successfully forced the post to defect. The Russians, however, soon reclaimed the land, much to the resistance of local Tlingit. As the Americans attempted to purge their newly-purchased land in the mid 1800s, one half of the Tlingit population was eradicated by diseases such as smallpox.
Traditions and Customs: The Totem Pole One common tradition that the Tlingit families still follow is the use of totem poles. Totem poles are made from tall tree trunks and they are placed outside homes to comunicate the history and customs of the family to others approaching the home.
Some people consider Eskimo offensive, because it is popularly perceived to mean “eaters of raw meat” in Algonquian languages common to people along the Atlantic coast.
All American Indians & Alaska Natives, whether they live on or off reservations, are eligible (like all other citizens who meet eligibility requirements) to receive services provided by the state such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Supplemental Security Income (SSI), the Food Stamp Program and the
Alaska Natives increasingly prefer to be known by the names they use in their own languages, such as Inupiaq or Yupik. “Inuit” is now the current term in Alaska and across the Arctic, and “Eskimo” is fading from use.