Some Inuit are fine with the word Eskimo, others are not. Regardless, the decorative and traditional objects made by circumpolar peoples, as well as those in western Alaska (the Aleut) and southeastern Alaska and southwestern Canada (the Tlingit, Haida, and Tsimshian), often get lumped under the heading of Eskimo art.
The Tlingit tribe believed that a creator god,called Kah- shu-goon-yah, made the universe and controls its fundamental features. Raven, a Trickster god, taught the Tlingit people the institutions by which they lived. The jek, or supernatural spirits, are found in almost anything.
The Tlingit maintained a complex hunter-gatherer culture based on semi-sedentary management of fisheries. An inland group, known as the Inland Tlingit, inhabits the far northwestern part of the province of British Columbia and the southern Yukon Territory in Canada.
The Tlingits lived in rectangular cedar -plank houses with bark roofs. Usually these houses were large (up to 100 feet long) and each one housed several familes from the same clan (as many as 50 people.)
All American Indians & Alaska Natives, whether they live on or off reservations, are eligible (like all other citizens who meet eligibility requirements) to receive services provided by the state such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Supplemental Security Income (SSI), the Food Stamp Program and the
Alaska Native Communities on Harriman’s Route. Alaska’s indigenous people, who are jointly called Alaska Natives, can be divided into five major groupings: Aleuts, Northern Eskimos (Inupiat), Southern Eskimos (Yuit), Interior Indians (Athabascans) and Southeast Coastal Indians (Tlingit and Haida).
Around 17,000 Tlingit still reside in the state today, mostly in urban and port areas of Southeastern Alaska (with a smaller-but- still -significant population in the Northwest). They continue carrying on their own rich traditions while actively participating in Alaska’s present-day culture and commerce.
The total Tlingit population in Alaska is about 10,000 in 16 communities with about 500 speakers of the language. Tlingit is one branch of the Athabascan-Eyak- Tlingit language family. Common Expressions.
|tsu yéi ikḵwasateen||see you later|
The primary staple of the Tlingit diet, salmon was traditionally caught using a variety of methods. The most common was the fishing weir or trap to restrict movement upstream. These traps allowed hunters to easily spear a good amount of fish with little effort.
The Tlingit Raven and Eagle moieties have sub-groups called clans. The clan is important in the Tlingit culture. All people in a clan con sider themselves as kin. All people in a clan can trace their relatives to the same ancestor or Ax Shuká.
Tlingit, northernmost of the Northwest Coast Indians of North America, living on the islands and coastal lands of southern Alaska from Yakutat Bay to Cape Fox. They spoke the Tlingit language, which is related to Athabaskan.
The Tlingit population numbers 16,771.
President – Profile Richard (Chalyee Éesh) Peterson is Tlingit from the Kaagwaantaan clan. He grew up in Kasaan, Alaska and is a life long Alaska Native resident of Southeast Alaska.
The Chinook built large cedar plank houses. The cedar plankhouse was the typical permanent dwelling of the Chinook and other coastal Northwest people. The size of these sturdy buildings ranged from approximately 14 x 20 feet to 40 x 100 feet.
Kwakiutl, self-name Kwakwaka’wakw, North American Indians who traditionally lived in what is now British Columbia, Canada, along the shores of the waterways between Vancouver Island and the mainland. The Kwakiutl are culturally and linguistically related to the Nuu-chah-nulth.