Location. Aboriginally, the Karok lived along the Klamath River in Humboldt and Siskiyou counties, northwestern California, and on the tributary Salmon River. Since the nineteenth century, Karok have also lived in Scott Valley, farther east in Siskiyou County.
The Karuk Tribe is a federally recognized tribe of Karuk people. They are an indigenous people of California, located in the northwestern corner of the state, in Humboldt and Siskiyou Counties.
Karuk men caught salmon and other fish, and also went hunting for deer and small game. Karuk women gathered acorns and ground them into meal to make bread and soups, as well as collecting berries, nuts, and other plants.
The name ” Karuk,” also spelled ” Karok,” means “upriver people”, or “upstream” people, and are called Chum-ne in Tolowa.
As with other tribes of California Indians, the Maidu ate seeds and acorns and hunted elk, deer, bears, rabbits, ducks, and geese; they also fished for salmon, lamprey eel, and other river life.
The Karuk Tribe is Federally Recognized. The Karuk Tribe’s government-to-government relationship with the US Federal Government was established in 1851.
The recitation of magical formulas was an important part of traditional Hupa religion. Shamanism was also common; shamans’ fees were paid in dentalium shells or deerskin blankets. Three major dances were held annually for the benefit of the community, as were spring and fall ceremonial feasts.
Yurok, North American Indians who lived in what is now California along the lower Klamath River and the Pacific coast.
Tribes included the Karok, Maidu, Cahuilleno, Mojave, Yokuts, Pomo, Paiute, and Modoc. On the other hand, the mountains that divided the groups made extensive warfare impractical, and the California tribes and clans enjoyed a comparatively peaceful life.