The Sioux tribe lived in tent- like homes called tepees. The tepee was constructed from wooden poles that were covered with durable animal skins such as buffalo hides. It was pyramid shaped, with flaps and openings, rounded at the base and tapering to an open smoke hole at the top.
Many Sioux tribes were nomadic people who moved from place to place following bison (buffalo) herds. Much of their lifestyle was based around hunting bison. Where did the Sioux live? The Sioux lived in the northern Great Plains in lands that are today the states of North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin, and Minnesota.
How they adapted to the environment: The Lakota Sioux used horses to catch and hunt buffalo. Since the Lakota didn’t grow crops they traded their buffalo meat for corn. In the winter when it got to cold the Lakota moved to more protected and forested areas.
Shelter: The Lakota lived in tipis which were inhabited by close-knit kin groups. They could be easily transported to follow the buffalo. Tipis were conical structures consisting of poles covered by sewn together buffalo hides.
Subdivisions Lakota (also known as Lakȟóta, Thítȟuŋwaŋ, Teton, and Teton Sioux ) Northern Lakota (Húŋkpapȟa, Sihásapa) Western Dakota (also known as Yankton – Yanktonai or Dakȟóta, and erroneously classified, for a very long time, as ” Nakota “) Yankton (Iháŋktȟuŋwaŋ) Eastern Dakota (also known as Santee -Sisseton or Dakhóta)
There are about 150,000 Sioux.
Quahadis were the hardest, fiercest, least yielding component of a tribe that had long had the reputation as the most violent and warlike on the continent; if they ran low on water, they were known to drink the contents of a dead horse’s stomach, something even the toughest Texas Ranger would not do.
The name Sioux derives from the Chippeway word “Nadowessioux” which means “Snake” or “Enemy.” Other definitions trace it too early Ottawa (Algonquian) singular /na:towe:ssi/ (plural /na:towe:ssiwak/) “ Sioux,” apparently from a verb meaning “to speak a foreign language”, however, the Sioux generally call themselves
Lakota ( Lakȟótiyapi ), also referred to as Lakhota, Teton or Teton Sioux, is a Siouan language spoken by the Lakota people of the Sioux tribes.
The Sioux are known for their distinguished looks. Their hair is very black and it is worn long. Like other Native American tribes, they also have high cheekbones and large noses. The Sioux Indians have the distinction of having one of the most well-known Indian chiefs in history.
The Sioux tribe houses are made from the skin of buffalos. Their tent-like homes are called teepees. They are made from wooden poles covered by animal skins, mostly from buffalos. The teepees are pyramid-shaped, with few openings.
Many Sioux children like to go hunting and fishing with their fathers. In the past, Indian children had more chores and less time to play, just like early colonists’ children. But they did have dolls and toys to play with, and older boys in some bands liked to play lacrosse.
Today, the Sioux maintain many separate tribal governments scattered across several reservations, communities, and reserves in North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Minnesota, and Montana in the United States; and Manitoba, southern Saskatchewan, and Alberta in Canada.
They would demand large gifts from merchants, and one of the Teton chief demanded them a boat as a price of letting them pass through their territory.
The Lakota population was estimated at 8,500 in 1805, growing steadily and reaching 16,110 in 1881, one of the few Native American tribes to increase in population in the 19th century. The number of Lakota expanded to more than 170,000 in 2010, of whom about 2,000 still speak the Lakota language (Lakȟótiyapi).