Shawnee, an Algonquian-speaking North American Indian people who lived in the central Ohio River valley. Closely related in language and culture to the Fox, Kickapoo, and Sauk, the Shawnee were also influenced by a long association with the Seneca and Delaware.
The Shawnee were traditionally farming people and hunters and fishermen. The tools used by the Shawnee included spears, tomahawks, and bows and arrows. Shawnee arts and crafts included wood carving, pottery, and beadwork, which they are well-known for.
The word Shawnee comes from the Algonquian word ‘shawun’ which means southerner. Other interpretations of the word suggest it might mean “those who have silver”. The Iroquois called them the Ontoagannha, which meant People of Unintelligible Speech according to Allan Eckert in his book “That Dark and Bloody River.”
They were active in the Northwest Indian War of the 1790s until they and other tribes were defeated at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794. The Shawnee were then forced to surrender most of their lands in Ohio with the signing of the Treaty of Greenville in 1795.
Religion – The Shawnee. Like many indian tribes, the Shawnee worshipped the Great Spirit. The Great Spirit had two deities under it. The one referred to as “Grandmother” was in charge of indian affairs.
Shawnee Words ko’tha-father. neegah-mother (nikya-my mother) Nikitakwelemele- I love you. neahw/niyaawe- thank you. hatito-Hello. thétha(?)-brother. Neeme Waapa Nepi Kweewa(?)- my beautiful perfect wife.
Shawnee as a girl’s name is of Native American origin means “southern people”. It is the name of the tribe that came from the eastern American forests and migrated westward. There is a town in Kansas named Shawnee Mission.
Cherokee, North American Indians of Iroquoian lineage who constituted one of the largest politically integrated tribes at the time of European colonization of the Americas. Their name is derived from a Creek word meaning “people of different speech”; many prefer to be known as Keetoowah or Tsalagi.
Today, most Shawnees live in Oklahoma, where they were deported by the US government. How is the Shawnee Indian nation organized? There are three Shawnee bands in Oklahoma. Like most Native American tribes, the Shawnee Indian tribes are autonomous.
Being absent from their Kansas reservation, they became collectively known as the ” Absentee Shawnee.” An 1854 treaty failed to lure them to Kansas with the promise of allotments. Before the Civil War erupted, Kansas Shawnee with Southern sympathies joined the Absentee on the Canadian.
Today, the Shawnee are comprised of three federally recognized American Indian tribes—the Absentee Shawnee Tribe, located near Shawnee, Oklahoma; Eastern Shawnee Tribe, located near Wyandotte, Oklahoma; and the Shawnee Tribe, located in Miami, Oklahoma.