The Powhatan ate fresh vegetables in the summer and fall and fish, berries and stored nuts in the spring. Fishing was a spring and summer activity. When other food resources became low, they could gather oysters and clams.
Corn, or maize, was a major food staple for Pocahontas’ tribe. As farmers, the Powhatan people had 100-acre fields. They primarily grew corn, which was then used to make corn kernels or hominy.
The local environment provided the Powhatan people with their every need. They obtained about half of their food through farming, which was done in the summer months. Using a system of small mounds, women and children planted corn and bean crops, placing squash and gourds in-between.
The food that the Powhatan tribe ate included the staple crops of corn, beans and squash that were raised by the women. Tobacco was also farmed by the men. The produce from the crops were dried and preserved for later use throughout the year.
Many of the Powhatan tribes no longer existed by 1722. The Rappahannocks lost their reservation shortly after 1700; the Chickahominies lost their reservation in 1718; and the Nansemonds sold their reservation in 1792. The Pamunkey and Mattaponi reservations are two of the oldest in the nation.
Born around 1596, Pocahontas was the daughter of Wahunsenaca (also known as Powhatan ), the powerful chief of the Powhatans, a Native American group that inhabited the Chesapeake Bay region. Little is known about her mother.
Interesting Facts about Pocahontas Pocahontas was a nickname meaning “the naughty one”. As a child she was given the name Matoaka. As she grew older, she was called Amonute. She was one of Chief Powhatan’s favorite daughters and was called his “delight and darling.”
Matoaka or Pocahontas is a great hero who deserves her story to be known. Matoaka or Pocahontas united the English and the Powhatan Indians. She created peace in the land. She risked being exiled from her land because she warned the English that her father was planning an attack.
Leisure activities brought Powhatan people together with games, music and dancing. Men and boys wrestled and ran foot races. Everyone participated in games, similar to soccer or field hockey [stickball]. A popular gambling game, similar to pick-up-sticks, was played with reeds.
Among the numerous Algonquian languages are Cree, Ojibwa, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Mi’kmaq (Micmac), Arapaho, and Fox-Sauk- Kickapoo. The term Algonquin (often spelled this way to differentiate it from the family) refers to a dialect of Ojibwa.
The Powhatans were farming people. Powhatan women planted and harvested corn, squash and beans. Powhatan men hunted for deer, turkeys, and small game and went fishing on the shores. Powhatan foods included soup, cornbread, and stews.
At the time English colonists arrived in the spring of 1607, coastal Virginia was inhabited by the Powhatan Indians, an Algonquian-speaking people.
The Powhatans lost their political independence after being defeated by the English in the 1644-46 Anglo- Powhatan War. Powhatans continued to live in the Virginia coastal plain as they had done for centuries, but after the war, their chiefs ruled under the authority of the English royal governor.