Penobscot, Algonquian-speaking North American Indians who lived on both sides of the Penobscot Bay and throughout the Penobscot River basin in what is now the state of Maine, U.S. They were members of the Abenaki confederacy.
At some point, French missionary priests settled among the Penobscot and the tribe adopted Christian teachings. But, the Europeans introduced two more things to the tribe – alcohol and infectious diseases, both of which would take their toll on the tribe.
Today, the four Maine Indian tribes are the Maliseet, Micmac, Penobscot and Passamaquoddy, known collectively as the Wabanaki, “People of the Dawnland.” Each community maintains its own tribal government, community schools, cultural center and each manages its respective lands and natural resources.
What kind of food did the Penobscot Indians eat in the days before supermarkets? They fished in the Penobscot River and hunted deer and moose. Penobscots still cherish these activities today (though most hunters use guns now instead of arrows and spears.)
Penobscot people historically spoke a dialect of Eastern Abenaki, an Algonquian language. It is very similar to the languages of the other members of the Wabanaki Confederacy.
In the 1700’s, the Micmac, Maliseet, Passamaquoddy, Abenaki, and Penobscot people joined together into an alliance known as the Wabanaki Confederacy, and after that, some Micmac people settled in Maine as well. Their descendants still live in Maine today.
: a member of an American Indian people of the Penobscot River valley and Penobscot Bay region of Maine.
Beginning in the north, tribes found in this area are the Chumash, Alliklik, Kitanemuk, Serrano, Gabrielino Luiseno Cahuilla, and the Kumeyaay. The landmass and climate varied considerably from the windswept offshore Channel Islands that were principally inhabited by Chumash speaking peoples.
Abnaki-Penobscot (Abenaki Language) Language: Abenaki-Penobscot is an Algonkian language spoken by two related tribes, the Abenaki and the Penobscot.
Penobscot Indian Island Reservation is an Indian reservation for the Penobscot Tribe of Maine, a federally recognized tribe of the Penobscot in Penobscot County, Maine, United States, near Old Town.
Wabanaki or Wa·ba·na·kis. A member of a Native American confederacy composed of the Abenaki, Maliseet, Mi’kmaq, Passamaquoddy, and Penobscot peoples, formed in the mid-1700s in opposition to the Iroquois confederacy and the English colonists.
The food that the Abenaki tribe ate included crops they raised consisting of the “three sisters” crops of corn, beans and squash together with sunflowers, the seeds of which were crushed for their oil. Fish such as sturgeon, pike and bullhead were caught.
Chief Don Stevens Represents a New Era of Abenaki Leadership in Vermont | Culture | Seven Days | Vermont’s Independent Voice. Seven Days needs your financial support!
Wigwams are made of wooden frames which are covered with woven mats and sheets of birchbark. The frame can be shaped like a dome, like a cone, or like a rectangle with an arched roof. Once the birchbark is in place, ropes or strips of wood are wrapped around the wigwam to hold the bark in place.