Navajos used the stars, sand paintings, written scrolls, and crystals to heal, plan, and regulate hunting. 8 Many still do. These are examples of tech – nology.
Navajo Artifacts such as Dreamcatchers, Medicine Wheels, Pipes, Rattles and Bows and Arrows. Our Navajo Indian and other Native American made Artifacts are hand made in and around the Navajo Indian Reservation.
What are Navajo arts and crafts like? Navajo artists are famous for their colorful woven rugs and turquoise jewelry. They also made Southwestern pottery, coil baskets, and sandpaintings.
The Navajo depend on agriculture and live-stock but supplement their income through commerce in native crafts. In addition, contracts for resources such as timber, oil, coal, uranium, and gas provide the Navajo nation with income, and many men work on the railroads.
The Navajo are known for their woven rugs and blankets. They first learned to weave cotton from the Pueblo peoples. When they started to raise sheep they switched to wool. These blankets were valuable and only the wealthy leaders could afford them.
The Navajos call themselves Diné.
What was the lifestyle and culture of the Navajo tribe? Navajo tribe were a semi-nomadic people described as hunter-farmers. Men were in charge of hunting for food and protecting the camp and the women were in charge of the home and land. The Navajo kept sheep and goats and the women spun and wove wool into cloth.
One of the most popular forms of Navajo art is jewelry, which can be credited back to silversmith Atsidi Chon in 1872. Chon was one of the first Navajo silversmiths who came to the Pueblo of Zuni in western New Mexico to sell silver jewelry.
The Diné believe there are two classes of beings: the Earth People and the Holy People. The Holy People are believed to have the power to aid or harm the Earth People. Since Earth People of the Diné are an integral part of the universe, they must do everything they can to maintain harmony or balance on Mother Earth.
1. Manuelito “Little Manuel,” 1818-1894. Manuelito is probably the best-known Navajo for the role he played in ensuring the continued existence of the Navajo people. Born in the Folded Arms People, or Bit’ahni, Manuelito was unknown until he became the headman of his group.
The interrelatedness of the universe is recognized by religious ceremonies and prayer offerings. Navajo people view the earth as a spiritual mother, with family comprising a network of Holy People and livestock as well as human relatives.
The Navajo traditionally farmed squash, corn and beans and hunted animals such as deer and prairie dogs. Corn is a staple Navajo food and is eaten fresh, ground or dried. Other popular corn – and wheat-based foods include frybread, hominy, blue bread, roast corn and wheat sprouts.
Following the Mexican-American War and the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, the United States was poised to take more lands and increase settlement in the Southwest. Despite all their efforts, the Navajo (Diné) people were removed from their homelands by the United States government in the 1860s.
The Navajo and Hopi tribes have occupied the same territory for centuries, though Navajos tended to be more nomadic sheepherders and Hopis mostly resided on three mesas towering above the surrounding desert. In 1882, President Chester Arthur designated 2.4 million acres in Arizona for the Hopi Tribe and other Indians.
The Navajos used to make their houses, called hogans, of wooden poles, tree bark and mud. The doorway of each hogan opened to the east so they could get the morning sun as well as good blessings.