The Modocs were known as powerful warriors and often raided the villages of neighbors such as the Shasta and Pit River tribes. At other times, however, they traded peacefully with these tribes.
What language did the Modoc tribe speak? The Modoc tribe spoke in the Plateau Penutian language and shared many cultural traits with their neighbors the Klamath tribe and also the California Native American Indians.
Traditions.: The Modoc primarily gathered seeds, roots, and berries. They also fished and hunted small game. The Modoc made rafts to fish with by weaving tule reeds.
California and the Indian Wars: The Modoc War, 1872-1873. This conflict resulted from forces common to all Indian wars: the encroachment of whites upon traditional Indian land until the aboriginal way of life was threatened with extinction.
They are currently divided between Oregon and Oklahoma and are enrolled in either of two federally recognized tribes, the Klamath Tribes in Oregon and the Modoc Tribe of Oklahoma, now known as the Modoc Nation. Modoc people.
|English, formerly Modoc|
|Related ethnic groups|
Do you know which American Indian tribes are near you? The Navajo tribe is the most populous, with 308,013 people identifying with the group. The Cherokee tribe is the second most common, with 285,476 Americans identifying with that group.
Modoc or Mo·docs. 1. A member of a Native American people formerly inhabiting an area of the Cascade Range in south-central Oregon and northern California, with present-day populations in south-central Oregon and northeastern Oklahoma. 2. The dialect of Klamath spoken by the Modoc.
The Quapaws grew corn, beans, squash, pumpkins, gourds, and tobacco in fields near their villages. Fruits, nuts, seeds, and roots were collected. Deer, bear, and buffalo were hunted, and smaller mammals, wild turkeys, waterfowl, and fish were taken seasonally.
The tribe was divided into three groups: the Gumbatwas or “people of the west,” the Kokiwas or “people of the far country,” and the Paskanwas or “river people.” The Modoc traded with the Shasta and Achomawi. Their major enemies were the Klamath and the Paiute, with whom they were forced to live.
As troops headed west expecting to locate Captain Jack, they found Hooker Jim and his followers, who surrendered. Hooker Jim and three other Modoc offered to track down Captain Jack and betray him to the Army. Kientpoos finally surrendered at Willow Creek on June 1, 1873, and the Modoc War ended.