The Lipan Apache were once a powerful and numerous American Indian tribe of the southern Great Plains. Their descendants presently live among the Mescalero Apache in New Mexico and the Tonkawa and the Plains Apache in Oklahoma. The Lipan are not a federally recognized tribe, and little of their culture remains.
The Little Breech Cloth and Tall Grass Bands also survived as distinct historical communities in different regions in Texas, the former in the Southern Rio Grande Valley and the latter in the Big Bend Region. Today the Lipan Apache Tribe is made up of these three bands.
Apache tribes were known as fierce warriors and knowledgeable strategists. The Apache tribes are Native American Indians who inhabited the areas now known as Arizona and northwestern sections of Mexico. The Apache were known for being powerful, brave, and aggressive.
The name Lipan means “The Light Gray People.” It comes from the Lipan word for a light gray color (kleh-pai) and the word for The People or The Tribe (indeh or ndé). That is why the Lipan Apaches are The Light Gray People- they are the easternmost of all the Apache tribes.
Traditional Apache religion was based on the belief in the supernatural and the power of nature. Nature explained everything in life for the Apache people. White Painted Woman gave our people their virtues of pleasant life and longevity.
The Apache ate a wide variety of food, but their main staple was corn, also called maize, and meat from the buffalo. They also gathered food such as berries and acorns. Another traditional food was roasted agave, which was roasted for many days in a pit. Some Apaches hunted other animals like deer and rabbits.
This attempt to improve their source of food was a major cause of their defeat by the Comanches. As the Apaches fled before the Comanche onslaught, many groups moved westward into New Mexico and Arizona. Others, mainly the Lipans and Mescaleros, fled southward into Central Texas as well as into northern Mexico.
Lipan is an Eastern Southern Athabaskan language spoken by the Lipan Apache.
Apache territory covered parts of present-day Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and northern Mexico. The Comanche (/kuh*man*chee/) were the only Native Americans more powerful than the Apache. The Comanche successfully gained Apache land and pushed the Apache farther west.
Quahadis were the hardest, fiercest, least yielding component of a tribe that had long had the reputation as the most violent and warlike on the continent; if they ran low on water, they were known to drink the contents of a dead horse’s stomach, something even the toughest Texas Ranger would not do.
“Varlebena. It means forever. That’s all they say.”
Apache is pronounced “uh-PAH-chee.” It means ” enemy ” in the language of their Zuni neighbors. The Apaches ‘ own name for themselves was traditionally Nde or Ndee ( meaning “the people”), but today most Apache people use the word ” Apache ” themselves, even when they are speaking their own language.
As a rule, they would never eat bugs, scaly animals, slimy animals, or things which lived in water. Because of this rule, they never ate any fish even though there were plenty of them.
A: In Eastern Apache, the word for hello is Da’anzho (pronounced dah-ahn-zho). In Western Apache, it is Dagotee (pronounced dah-goh-tay.) Some Western Apache people also use the word Ya’ateh, (pronounced yah-ah-tay), which comes from Navajo, or Aho (pronounced ah-hoh), which is a friendly intertribal greeting.
1: a member of a group of American Indian peoples of the southwestern U.S. 2: any of the Athabascan languages of the Apache people. 3 not capitalized [French, from Apache Apache Indian] a: a member of a gang of criminals especially in Paris.