Most of their diet was meat, especially buffalo, elk and deer, which they cooked in pits or dried and pounded into pemmican. The Lakota also collected chokecherries, fruit, and potatoes to eat.
The number of Lakota Indians is slightly lower than other tribal groups. Today, there are only about 70,000 registered Lakota Indians. Less than half of these continue to speak the ancestral language. The Lakota Indians can be traced back to the Lewis and Clark expedition.
They were agriculturalists and may have been part of the Mound Builder civilization during the 9th–12th centuries CE. Lakota legend and other sources state they originally lived near the Great Lakes: “The tribes of the Dakota before European contact in the 1600 lived in the region around Lake Superior.
Overview. The Lakota believe that everything has a spirit; including trees, rocks, rivers, and almost every natural being. This therefore leads to the belief in the existence of an afterlife.
The Lakota are a fiercely strong and powerful tribe whose leaders and warrior have achieved the status of legends the world over, like Red Claw, American Horse, Young Man Afraid of His Horses, Red Horn Buffalo, and Crazy Horse. Crazy Horse is the Lakota’s hero, and held in high esteem and legend by the tribe.
Name. Lakota (pronounced lah-KOH-tah) is the tribe’s name for themselves and may mean “allies” or “friends.” It comes from the Teton word Lakhota, sometimes translated as “alliance of friends.” Another meaning for the name is “those who consider themselves kindred.” The people are also known as Teton Sioux.
Oglala Lakota County, contained entirely within the boundaries of the Pine Ridge Reservation, has the lowest per capita income ($8,768) in the country, and ranks as the “poorest” county in the nation. Oglala Lakota County ranked last in the state of South Dakota for quality of life and health behaviors.
Quahadis were the hardest, fiercest, least yielding component of a tribe that had long had the reputation as the most violent and warlike on the continent; if they ran low on water, they were known to drink the contents of a dead horse’s stomach, something even the toughest Texas Ranger would not do.
Subdivisions Lakota (also known as Lakȟóta, Thítȟuŋwaŋ, Teton, and Teton Sioux ) Northern Lakota (Húŋkpapȟa, Sihásapa) Western Dakota (also known as Yankton – Yanktonai or Dakȟóta, and erroneously classified, for a very long time, as ” Nakota “) Yankton (Iháŋktȟuŋwaŋ) Eastern Dakota (also known as Santee -Sisseton or Dakhóta)
The Sioux are a confederacy of several tribes that speak three different dialects, the Lakota, Dakota, and Nakota. The Lakota, also called the Teton Sioux, are comprised of seven tribal bands and are the largest and most western of the three groups, occupying lands in both North and South Dakota.
The words Lakota and Dakota, however, are translated to mean “friend” or “ally” and is what they called themselves. Many Lakota people today prefer to be called Lakota instead of Sioux, as Sioux was a disrespectful name given to them by their enemies. There are seven bands of the Lakota tribe.
Religion was part of everyday life for the Sioux. They believed everything had a spirit. There were underwater spirits who controlled all animals and plants. High in the sky, they believed there were spirits called Thunderbirds.
The Seven Lakota Values, given by the White Buffalo Calf Woman, have also suffered through the loss of language and today’s fast paced, technological lifestyle. The values include Praying, Respect, Caring and Compassion, Honesty and Truth, Generosity and Caring, Humility, and Wisdom.
Edited and Illustrated by Vera Louise Drysdale. Nagi Gluhapi- Keeping of the Soul. Inipi- Rite of Purification. Hanbleceya- Crying For a Vision. Wiwanyag Wacipi- Sun Dance. Hunkapi- The Making of Relatives. Isnati Awicaliwanpi- A Girl’s Coming of Age. Tapa Wankaye- The Throwing of the Ball.
Traditionally, the Sioux would place the body of the deceased in a tree or on the platform of a scaffold that stood about eight feet above the ground, and the remains stayed there for one year. The body was treated as if it still had life. After one year the body was buried in the ground.