The early Inuit Art includes materials such as animal hides, driftwood, stones, and animal bones. The Inuit used these materials to create workable pieces of majesty that surprised and astounded anyone who came in contact with it. Women made clothing and shoes from animal hides, stitching each piece together.
Bows and arrows were one form of hunting implement. For example, simple bows were used for smaller animals such as birds, and larger bows were used for hunting caribou and muskox. The Inuit created a variety of arrows, depending on the available resources and the types of animal being hunted.
Hunted meats: Sea mammals such as walrus, seal, and whale. Whale meat generally comes from the narwhal, beluga whale and the bowhead whale. Land mammals such as caribou, polar bear, and muskox. Birds and their eggs. Saltwater and freshwater fish including sculpin, Arctic cod, Arctic char, capelin and lake trout.
Because the Inuit resides in cold, arctic regions, they relied on animal skin, driftwood, and bones as their few resources. They made some of their tools out of soapstone and used the ivory tusks of walruses as knives.
Many factors are responsible for the value of Inuit sculptures, making this art form an excellent investment. For example: a) International interest in Inuit art continues to grow substantially. demanding than hand-mining carving stone, which is dangerous and gruelling work.
Traditional Inuit religious practices include animism and shamanism, in which spiritual healers mediate with spirits. Today many Inuit follow Christianity, but traditional Inuit spirituality continues as part of a living, oral tradition and part of contemporary Inuit society.
Inuit weapons were primarily hunting tools which served a dual purpose as weapons, whether against other Inuit groups or against their traditional enemies, the Chipewyan, Tłı̨chǫ (Dogrib), Dene, and Cree.
Some Inuit groups have even fought wars, particularly with the Indians who lived to the south of them, both during prehistoric times and well into the period after European settlements. Descriptions of the warfare between the Inuit and the Cree are preserved in the historical records.
draw – weight of 50-70 lbs). Some men would even go a step further by gluing rattlesnake skins over-top of the sinew backing, to protect the backing from the weather.
Inuit have always eaten food raw, frozen, thawed out, dried, aged, or cached ( Slightly aged ) meat for thousands of years. People still eat uncooked meat today. Raw meat will keep the hunter energized and mobile to do his chores effectively and productively. A cooked meal will be digested much quicker than raw meat.
These traditional Inuit foods include arctic char, seal, polar bear and caribou — often consumed raw, frozen or dried.
Although the name ” Eskimo ” was commonly used in Alaska to refer to Inuit and Yupik people of the world, this usage is now considered unacceptable by many or even most Alaska Natives, largely since it is a colonial name imposed by non-Indigenous people.
Among the problems the Inuit face is permafrost melting, which has destroyed the foundations of houses, eroded the seashore and forced people to move inland. Airport runways, roads and harbours are also collapsing.
After about 1350, the climate grew colder during the period known as the Little Ice Age. During this period, Alaskan natives were able to continue their whaling activities. But, in the high Arctic, Inuit were forced to abandon their hunting and whaling sites as bowhead whales disappeared from Canada and Greenland.
To survive this cold weather the Inuit tribe needed to wear warm clothing. Also to survive the freezing cold of the Arctic winter, they had to have a warm shelter. The Inuit used a shelter called an igloo. An igloo is a round looking house made of ice blocks and snow.