Sac and Fox women wore wraparound skirts. Sac and Fox men wore breechclouts and leggings. Here is a website with Native breechclout pictures. Shirts were not necessary in the Sac and Fox culture, but people wore ponchos when the weather was cool.
The misnomer ” Sac and Fox ” is a historical accident, a conflation of ” Sac ” (Sauk), or Thâkîwaki (“people coming forth [from the outlet],” i.e., “from the water”), and ” Fox,” or Meskwâki (“people of the red earth”) misapplied by the U.S. government during treaty negotiations in 1804.
The two tribes eventually retreated from the colonial front by moving from what is now Wisconsin to Illinois and then Iowa. They moved to Kansas in 1842, and in 1857 some returned to Iowa. Early 21st-century population estimates indicated more than 6,500 Fox descendants, most living in Iowa, Kansas, and Oklahoma.
Mesquakie-Sauk ( Sac and Fox ) Language: Mesquakie-Sauk is an Algonquian language spoken by about 800 Indians, mostly Fox, in the American Midwest. The two dialects, Mesquakie (spoken by the Meskwaki, or Fox) and Sauk (spoken by the Asakiwaki, or Sac ), are mutually intelligible.
The Kickapoo Indians originally lived in the Michigan and Ohio area. They fled south and west to get away from British and American aggression, settling briefly in Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin. Eventually the Americans forced some Kickapoos onto Kansas and Oklahoma reservations.
The Meskwaki have resided on the Meskwaki Settlement in central Iowa since 1856, and the Thakiwaki have been in central Oklahoma since the 1870s. The contemporary Sac and Fox population in Oklahoma claim to be predominantly of Thakiwaki decent and typically refer to themselves as both “ Sac and Fox ” and Sauk.
The Sac and Fox Nation (Mesquakie language: Thakiwaki or Sa ki wa ki) is the largest of three federally recognized tribes of Sauk and Meskwaki ( Fox ) Indian peoples. Originally from the Lake Huron and Lake Michigan area, they were forcibly relocated to Oklahoma in the 1870s and are predominantly Sauk.
|Type of business||Private|
|Type of site||Entertainment, streaming|
|Founded||March 30, 2009|
|Headquarters||New York City, New York, U.S.|
The mythology of the Sauk is rich with fables of anthropomorphic beasts and beings. The principal myth is concerned with the god of life, called Nanabozho by cognate tribes, with the flood, and with the restoration of the earth. The Sauk had numerous ceremonies, social and religious. Some of these they still retain.
Cherokee, North American Indians of Iroquoian lineage who constituted one of the largest politically integrated tribes at the time of European colonization of the Americas. Their name is derived from a Creek word meaning “people of different speech”; many prefer to be known as Keetoowah or Tsalagi.
|First Fox War|
|Date 1712–1716 Location Near the Fort of Detroit Result Fox defeat Surrender of a large group of Fox Indians Peace deal Slave trade of Fox Indians|
|Fox Peoples||Kingdom of France and Indigenous Allies|
|Commanders and leaders|
The Meskwaki (sometimes spelled Mesquaki) are a Native American people often known by Western society as the Fox tribe. In the Meskwaki language, the Meskwaki call themselves Meshkwahkihaki, which means “the Red-Earths”, related to their creation story.
This subfamily of around 30 languages is divided into three groups according to geography: Plains, Central, and Eastern Algonquian; of these three, only Eastern Algonquian constitutes a true genetic subgroup.