Blackfoot believe everything has a spirit, whether alive or dead, and can be good or evil. The Blackfoot’s most important spiritual ceremony is the Sun Dance, which is also known as the Medicine Lodge Ceremony.
Traditional Blackfoot culture is based on the bison hunt, intrinsically linking them to the Plains. Because of their portability, Blackfoot people lived in camps sheltering in tipis. They also hunted other large game such as deer, supplementing their diet with nuts, fruits and vegetables.
Blackfoot Religion Today Many Blackfoot people study their heritage and believe that nature is important, but today most Blackfoot, especially those living in the United States, are actually Christians. The Sun Dance remains as part of their cultural religion, along with medicine bundles.
Typical of the Plains Indians in many aspects of their culture, the Blackfoot, also known as Blackfeet, were nomadic hunter-gatherers, living in teepees and subsisting primarily on buffalo and gathered vegetable foods.
The Blackfeet Indian Reservation is home to the 17,321-member Blackfeet Nation, one of the 10 largest tribes in the United States. Established by treaty in 1855, the reservation is located in northwest Montana.
Blackfeet: ( Hello ) Oki! (pronounced “oh-kee”); (go home), waahkayi.
Interesting Facts about the Blackfoot People When pitching a new camp, the Blackfoot always built their teepees with the entrance facing east. The four tribes making up the Blackfoot nation are the Southern Piegan, Kainai, Siksika, and Northern Piegan. The Blackfoot enjoyed decorating their clothing and their teepees.
Siksikáí’powahsin (commonly referred to as the Blackfoot language) is an Algonquian language spoken by four Blackfoot nations: the Siksiká (Blackfoot ), Aapátohsipikani (North Piikani), Aamsskáápipikani (South Piikani) and Kainai (Blood).
For three decades after their first treaty with the United States in 1855, the Blackfoot declined to forsake hunting in favour of farming. When the buffalo were almost exterminated in the early 1880s, nearly one-quarter of the Piegan died of starvation. Thereafter the Blackfoot took up farming and ranching.
In mid-September, city council declared the Blackfoot word oki —which means hello—the ofﬁcial greeting of Alberta’s third-largest city.
The Niitsitapi, also known as the Blackfoot or Blackfeet Indians, reside in the Great Plains of Montana and the Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. Only one of the Niitsitapi tribes are called Blackfoot or Siksika. The name is said to have come from the color of the peoples’ moccasins, made of leather.
Blackfoot Indians played games, hunted, fished and did arts and crafts for fun. Storytelling was also important to this tribe, because it was a way to pass down folk tales and legends from generation to generation. Blackfoot children played many of the same games children in other parts of the country played.
The Blackfoot lived to the south of the Red Deer River, and the Cree lived to the north. This angered the Cree so there was always a state of war between the two tribes. In about the year 1867, the Blackfoot had a young chief named Buffalo Child, and the Cree also had a young chief whose name was Little Bear.
Under the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, the Blackfeet became a federally – recognized tribe, with their own Constitution and By-Laws, approved and ratified in the fall of 1935.
Quahadis were the hardest, fiercest, least yielding component of a tribe that had long had the reputation as the most violent and warlike on the continent; if they ran low on water, they were known to drink the contents of a dead horse’s stomach, something even the toughest Texas Ranger would not do.