The Apalachees were farming people. Apalachee women did most of the farming, harvesting crops of corn, beans, and squash. Apalachee men hunted deer, wild turkeys, and small game, and they fished in the rivers and along the coast. Apalachee dishes included cornbread, soups, and stews.
From at least A.D. 1000, a group of farming Indians known as the Apalachee lived in northwest Florida. Other tribes respected the Apalachees because they belonged to an advanced Indian civilization, they were prosperous, and they were fierce warriors. For food, they grew corn, beans and squash.
The most important foods for the Apalachee were the crops they grew in their fields. They grew corn, beans, and squash (called the “three sisters”). They also harvested wild grapes, acorns, hickory nuts, and blackberries. They fished in the rivers and gathered shellfish and turtles.
Apalachee, tribe of North American Indians who spoke a Muskogean language and inhabited the area in northwestern Florida between the Aucilla and Apalachicola rivers above Apalachee Bay.
The Timucua were a Native American people who lived in Northeast and North Central Florida and southeast Georgia. They were the largest indigenous group in that area and consisted of about 35 chiefdoms, many leading thousands of people. The various groups of Timucua spoke several dialects of the Timucua language.
1a: a Muskogean people of northwestern Florida. b: a member of such people. 2: the language of the Apalachee people.
More than 1,500 Apalachee Indians and Spaniards lived at the mission. What Happened To Them? Following a series of devastating attacks on Spanish Florida by the British and their Creek Indian allies, Mission San Luis was burned and abandoned by its residents on July 31, 1704.
Enemy Indian tribes from Georgia and South Carolina began raiding the Calusa territory. Many Calusa were captured and sold as slaves. In addition, diseases such as smallpox and measles were brought into the area from the Spanish and French explorers and these diseases wiped out entire villages.
The Timucua, like other Native Americans, were fishermen, and they lived near the marsh and along the creeks and rivers where fishing was easy. Timucuan men made tools for hunting and fishing. They used spears, clubs, bows and arrows to kill their game.
The Apalachee were part of an extensive trade network that extended north to the Great Lakes and west to present day Oklahoma. The Florida tribe would trade shells, shark’s teeth, and smoked fish for copper, mica, and other minerals not found in their native land.
The homes of the Native American tribes of Florida had similarities. All five tribes used wooden poles and branches for the frames of their homes. The Apalachee, Tequesta, Tocobaga, and Timucua all created walls and roofs from grass and palm leaves. The Timucua and Apalachee also used mud and clay in their walls.
Tribes included the Karok, Maidu, Cahuilleno, Mojave, Yokuts, Pomo, Paiute, and Modoc. On the other hand, the mountains that divided the groups made extensive warfare impractical, and the California tribes and clans enjoyed a comparatively peaceful life.
It sounds like the “ll” in the Welsh name “Llewellyn.” Some English speakers can pronounce it well if they try to pronounce the “breathy l” in the word clue without the c in front of it. Like m in moon. Like n in night. Like p in pie.
In the early 1700s Timucua territory was invaded by the Creek Indians and the English. As a result of these incursions, many Timucua died in armed conflict, perished from deprivation, or succumbed to Old World diseases to which they had no immunity.
The Apache dominated much of northern Mexico, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas for hundreds of years. It is estimated that about 5,000 Apache lived in the Southwest in 1680 AD. Some Apache lived in the mountains, while others lived on the plains.