The Adena were notable for their agricultural practices, pottery, artistic works, and extensive trading network, which supplied them with a variety of raw materials, ranging from copper from the Great Lakes to shells from the Gulf Coast.
Asian and Pacific Island languages include Chinese, Japanese, Thai, Vietnamese, and languages spoken by indigenous people of Australia along with other Pacific cultures. The Other language category includes Afro-Asiatic languages such as Arabic and Hebrew, as well as Native American languages.
The name “ Adena ” originates from the estate of Ohio Governor Thomas Worthington, about one and a half miles northwest of Chillicothe, Ohio, in Ross County, which he called “ Adena,” which Worthington’s diary claims comes from a Hebrew name that “was given to places for the delightfulness of their situations.”
Adena Religion Many pieces of art seemed to revolve around shamanic beliefs. Also the transformation of humans into animals (particularly birds, wolves, bears and deer) and back to human form. This concludes that there may be a chance the Adena practiced Shamanism.
: of or belonging to a prehistoric culture centered in the Mississippi valley marked by large conical burial mounds and thought to precede the Hopewell culture though in some areas it lasted later than Hopewell.
The people of the Adena culture wore clothing made with animal hides and cloth woven from bark and plant material. Evidence suggests that the men wore loincloths or breechcloths, while the women dressed in skirts made from leather.
Adena points have been found at several sites on Maryland’s Eastern Shore, part of the Delmarva Adena complex that existed between 1,800 to 2,500 years ago. Most of these points, often associated with caches, have been recovered along eroding shorelines or through non-professional collecting.
Adena points have less defined shoulders and has the widest part of the blade well above the shoulders. Waubesa points have well defined shoulders with the widest part of the blade at the shoulders (Morrow, 2016) Adena Dickson, Gary, Little Bear Creek, Poplar Island, Rossville.
The Adena people were hunter-gatherers, but also grew various crops, including squash, sunflower, pumpkin, goosefoot, and tobacco. They lived in extended family groups of roughly 15 to 20 people, with several extended families forming a lineage or clan. Between four to six of these clans made up an Adena social group.
The Adena people thrived from about 500 bce to 100 ce. They are known mostly for the earthen mounds they built. The term Adena comes from the name of a place where archaeologists found Adena mounds in the early 1900s. The Adena settled in hundreds of small villages along the Ohio River.
Like all prehistoric cultures, the Adena people are known best by their flint tools, especially their spear points and knives. Both types of tools may have served various functions.
The people who are considered to be part of the ” Hopewell culture ” built massive earthworks and numerous mounds while crafting fine works of art whose meaning often eludes modern archaeologists. This ” Hopewell culture ” flourished between roughly A.D. 1 and A.D. 500.
The Hopewell mounds were bigger than those of the Adena cultures and their burials involved more ceremony. Hopewell burials included putting ochre and other pigments on the body. Their stone and clay items had a refinement that indicated the Hopewell sculptors and potters were more proficient than the Adena.