The name “ Adena ” originates from the estate of Ohio Governor Thomas Worthington, about one and a half miles northwest of Chillicothe, Ohio, in Ross County, which he called “ Adena,” which Worthington’s diary claims comes from a Hebrew name that “was given to places for the delightfulness of their situations.”
The Adena were notable for their agricultural practices, pottery, artistic works, and extensive trading network, which supplied them with a variety of raw materials, ranging from copper from the Great Lakes to shells from the Gulf Coast.
Adena culture, culture of various communities of ancient North American Indians, about 500 bc–ad 100, centred in what is now southern Ohio. Groups in Indiana, Kentucky, West Virginia, and possibly Pennsylvania bear similarities and are roughly grouped with the Adena culture.
The Adena people were hunter-gatherers, but also grew various crops, including squash, sunflower, pumpkin, goosefoot, and tobacco. They lived in extended family groups of roughly 15 to 20 people, with several extended families forming a lineage or clan. Between four to six of these clans made up an Adena social group.
Asian and Pacific Island languages include Chinese, Japanese, Thai, Vietnamese, and languages spoken by indigenous people of Australia along with other Pacific cultures. The Other language category includes Afro-Asiatic languages such as Arabic and Hebrew, as well as Native American languages.
: of or belonging to a prehistoric culture centered in the Mississippi valley marked by large conical burial mounds and thought to precede the Hopewell culture though in some areas it lasted later than Hopewell.
The Hopewell mounds were bigger than those of the Adena cultures and their burials involved more ceremony. Hopewell burials included putting ochre and other pigments on the body. Their stone and clay items had a refinement that indicated the Hopewell sculptors and potters were more proficient than the Adena.
The people of the Adena culture wore clothing made with animal hides and cloth woven from bark and plant material. Evidence suggests that the men wore loincloths or breechcloths, while the women dressed in skirts made from leather.
The Adena people thrived from about 500 bce to 100 ce. They are known mostly for the earthen mounds they built. The term Adena comes from the name of a place where archaeologists found Adena mounds in the early 1900s. The Adena settled in hundreds of small villages along the Ohio River.
The Adena had many food sources we eat today like: Hunted deer, elk, black bear, woodchuck, beaver, porcupine, turkey, trumpeter swan, ruffed grouse. Gathered many edible seed grasses and nuts. Pumpkin, squash, sunflower, and goose foot.
Adena points have less defined shoulders and has the widest part of the blade well above the shoulders. Waubesa points have well defined shoulders with the widest part of the blade at the shoulders (Morrow, 2016) Adena Dickson, Gary, Little Bear Creek, Poplar Island, Rossville.
The people who are considered to be part of the ” Hopewell culture ” built massive earthworks and numerous mounds while crafting fine works of art whose meaning often eludes modern archaeologists. This ” Hopewell culture ” flourished between roughly A.D. 1 and A.D. 500.
Cultural traits The construction of large, truncated earthwork pyramid mounds, or platform mounds. Maize-based agriculture. Shell-tempered pottery. Widespread trade networks extending as far west as the Rocky Mountains, north to the Great Lakes, south to the Gulf of Mexico, and east to the Atlantic Ocean.
The Hopewell culture (100 bce –550 to 750 bce ) The Hopewell culture was more highly developed than that of the Adena, with richer burial customs, more sophisticated art, grander ceremonies, a stricter system of social classes, and more advanced farming practices.
It consists of an earthen ring over 300 feet (100m) in diameter with conical mounds of varying size dispersed around the crest of the ring. Archaeologists believe that it was constructed around 3500 BC as a ceremonial center for a community that migrated seasonally.