Yes–the Abenaki tribe was well- known for their birchbark canoes. Canoeing is still popular among Abenakis, though few people handcraft a canoe from birch bark anymore. Over land, the Abenakis used dogs as pack animals. (There were no horses in North America until colonists brought them over from Europe.)
The Abenaki population continued to decline, but in 1676, they took in thousands of refugees from many southern New England tribes displaced by settlement and King Philip’s War. Because of this, descendants of nearly every southern New England Algonquian tribe can be found among the Abenaki people.
The Abenaki were a deeply religious people. They believed that the Earth had always existed and called it their “Grandmother.” They also believed that a being called “The Owner” had created people, animals, and all natural things, such as rocks and trees, and that each natural thing had an individual spirit.
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Hello! Kwai n’nidôba!
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma. Eastern Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming. Elem Indian Colony of Pomo Indians of the Sulphur Bank Rancheria, California. Elk Valley Rancheria, California. Ely Shoshone Tribe of Nevada. Enterprise Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California.
Abenaki (Wôbanakiôdwawôgan) Abenaki is an Eastern Algonquian language spoken in Quebec in Canada, and in Vermont in the USA. It was formerly spoken in Maine and New Hampshire as well.
The food that the Abenaki tribe ate included crops they raised consisting of crops of corn, beans and squash. Fish such as sturgeon, pike and bullhead were caught. Hunters provided meat from deer (venison), bear, moose and smaller game like squirrel or rabbit.
All Indians are subject to federal income taxes. However, whenever a member of an Indian tribe conducts business off the reservation, that person, like everyone else, pays both state and local taxes. State income taxes are not paid on reservation or trust lands.
For entertainment, the Abenaki played games. They played a game like tag which they called wolf. In the winter, they played a game called snow snake. This game included sliding a stick along the snow with the longest slide winning, The Abenaki men played a game called bowl and dice.
Tribes and Bands of Vermont Abenaki. Mahican. Missiassik. Pennacook. Pocomtuc.
Wabanaki or Wa·ba·na·kis. A member of a Native American confederacy composed of the Abenaki, Maliseet, Mi’kmaq, Passamaquoddy, and Penobscot peoples, formed in the mid-1700s in opposition to the Iroquois confederacy and the English colonists.
The Pennacook, sometimes called Pawtucket and Merrimack, were an Algonquian-speaking tribe that were closely related to the Abenaki. Their name comes from the Abenaki word “penakuk” meaning “at the bottom of the hill.” The Pennacook Confederacy included as many as 18 sub-tribes of the same general stock.
At present, there are 574 federally recognized American Indian and Alaska Native tribes and villages.
The British declared the Wabanaki Confederacy forcibly disbanded in 1862. However the five Wabanaki nations still exist, continued to meet, and the Confederacy was formally re-established in 1993.