The Pomo groups presently recognized by the United States are based in Sonoma, Lake, and Mendocino counties. They include the following tribes: Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians of the Big Valley Rancheria.
Pomo Indians are world-famous for their baskets. Most of their baskets were produced by women from the tribe, though men made some for hunting and sale. Since Pomo Indians survived on the food they gathered, the great majority of baskets were used for storing seeds and other dried foods.
Pomo men generally went naked, and Pomo women wore only grass and deerskin skirts. In colder weather, men would wear leggings and women would wear shawls made of plant fiber. The Pomos wore deerskin moccasins on their feet while they were hunting or traveling, but usually went barefoot in their own villages.
The Pomo Indians traditionally lived in what is now northwestern California around the Clear Lake area north of San Francisco, and along the Russian River, in Lake, Mendocino, and Sonoma Counties. Today, there are about 5,000 Pomo living in several rancherias and reservations on or near the places of their origin.
Traditional Pomo religion involved the Kuksu cult, a set of beliefs and practices involving private ceremonies, esoteric dances and rituals, and impersonations of spirits.
What language did the Pomo tribe speak? “Pomo” was actually seven Pomoan ( Hokan) languages, spoken by the Southern, Central, Northern, Eastern, Northeastern, Southeastern Pomo, and Southwestern Pomo ( Kashaya ). Where did the Pomo tribe live? The Pomo are people of the California Native American cultural group.
1: a member of a group of American Indian peoples of northern California. 2: any of the family of languages spoken by the Pomo.
They lived in dome -shaped houses made of materials found in their surroundings, like the forest. The Pomo Indians had other houses too that were called sweat houses, for special ceremonies. They lived in villages near creeks that flowed, to the ocean.
The Pomo Indians of Northern California have traditionally sung lullabies, as well as hunting and religious songs. For the Cahuilla people of Palm Springs, bird songs tell stories of their origin, journey and return home.
The Pomo Indians ate a variety of foods other than acorns, including fish, wild animals, and many different plants. They prepared this food in two different ovens the mud oven and the hot stone oven.
Acorns were the main food of the Pomo tribe. Women gathered acorns in woven baskets. The meal was then mixed with water and cooked in tightly woven baskets. Hot rocks were dropped into baskets to cook the meal into mush.
They would hunt the animals in their environment such as rabbit and quail. They used the redwood bark to make a dome shaped house. They lived by marsh reed so they would use it to make skirts.
The Miwok people were decimated by the diseases brought by the invaders and subjected to atrocities. Following the short-lived Mariposa Indian War (1850) those who survived were forced on to various reservations.
Because of the mild climate, California peoples wore little clothing. Women typically wore a short skirt made of animal skin or plant fibers, especially those of bark. Men wore a breechcloth or nothing at all. For protection from wind and rain, both men and women used skin robes.
Zuni, also spelled Zuñi, North American Indian tribe of what is now west-central New Mexico, on the Arizona border. The Zuni are a Pueblo Indian group and speak a Penutian language. They are believed to be descendants of the prehistoric Ancestral Pueblo (Anasazi).