The food the Ohlone Indians ate were: acorns, berries, vegetables, and meat. The berries they collected included strawberries, wild grapes, and huckleberries. Women collected wild onion, wild carrot, and mushrooms.
The Ohlone were able to thrive in this area by hunting, fishing, and gathering, in the typical pattern found in California coastal tribes. Each of the Ohlone villages interacted with each other through trade, intermarriage, and ceremonial events, as well as through occasional conflict.
The Ohlone boys and men wore no clothes in the summer and used capes or robes in the winter. They also wore shell necklaces, earrings, and nose rings. Their hair was braided or tied on the top of their head with a buckskin thong. The girls and women wore aprons with a different design on the front and back.
They traditionally lived in more than 50 independently organized villages and did not view themselves as a distinct group. However, due to their similar languages, the often interacted freely with one another. They survived by hunting, fishing, and gathering acorns and seeds.
The plants I chose included: White Sage Page 11 7 (Salvia apiana), Soap root (Chlorogalum pomeridianum), Yerba Buena (Satureja douglasii), California Wild Rose (Rosa californica), Yarrow (Achillea millefolium), Coffeeberry (Rhamnus californica), Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi), and Mugwort (Artemisia douglasiana).
Ohlone comprises eight attested varieties: Awaswas, Chalon, Chochenyo (also known as Chocheño), Karkin, Mutsun, Ramaytush, Rumsen, and Tamyen. Overall, divergence among these languages seems to have been roughly equivalent to that among the languages of the Romance sub-family of Indo-European languages.
The present-day Muwekma Ohlone Tribe is comprised of all of the known surviving American Indian lineages aboriginal to the San Francisco Bay region who trace their ancestry through the Missions Dolores, Santa Clara, and San Jose; and who were also members of the historic Federally Recognized Verona Band of Alameda
However, according to Chairwoman Charlene Nijmeh (Muwekma Ohlone ), even with documentation, approximately 800 enrolled members and the fact that their tribe was never officially terminated, they are not recognized by the federal government. The tribe’s undetermined status is challenging.
Today, there are over five million Native Americans in the United States, 78% of whom live outside reservations: California, Arizona and Oklahoma have the largest populations of Native Americans in the United States. Most Native Americans live in small-town or rural areas.
Ohlone College is pronounced “oh loh nee kol ij” (audio below):
The Tribe Today Tragically, the Ohlone people were nearly wiped out from disease, warfare and colonization from European immigrants. In the 20th century the tribes finally rallied against the federal government and struggled for years to gain basic recognition.
Tribes included the Karok, Maidu, Cahuilleno, Mojave, Yokuts, Pomo, Paiute, and Modoc. On the other hand, the mountains that divided the groups made extensive warfare impractical, and the California tribes and clans enjoyed a comparatively peaceful life.