Yurok, North American Indians who lived in what is now California along the lower Klamath River and the Pacific coast.
Culturally, our people are known as great fishermen, eelers, basket weavers, canoe makers, storytellers, singers, dancers, healers and strong medicine people. Before we were given the name ” Yurok ” we referred to ourselves and others in our area using our Indian language.
Acorns were the main food for the Yurok. Fish (mostly salmon) was also important to them. There were plenty of deer caught with snares.
The Yurok houses were made out of redwood planks. The houses were also made with a slanted roof to help drain the rainwater off the roof. The houses were made from split redwood logs which supported the houses’ frame. To hold the house up they used square poles and grape vines.
The Navaho Indians (the “Dine,” or “ Navaho People,” in their native language), indigenous to the American Southwest, comprise the largest Native American tribe in the United States today.
The Incas were agriculturally the most advanced. Through highly sophisticated crop selection techniques, they developed corn, potatoes, peppers and tomatoes into the crops they are today. Crops developed by the Incas currently provide a significant percentage of worldwide food consumption.
Yurok Tribe Language Program Aiy-yue-kwee’ Nee-kee-chue! ( Hello Everyone!)
The Yuroks were fishing people. Yurok men caught fish and mollusks from their canoes. They also hunted sea lions, deer, and small game. Yurok women gathered acorns and ground them into meal, as well as collecting seaweed, berries and roots.
Following encounters with white settlers moving into their aboriginal lands during a gold rush in 1850, the Yurok were faced with disease and massacres that reduced their population by 75%. In 1855, following the Klamath and Salmon River War, the Lower Klamath River Indian Reservation was created by executive order.
From the Yurok tribe they got canoes, dried seaweed, salt, and salt water fish. To get those they traded acorns, obsidian, and some inland foods, to trade with their coastal neighbor. Some things were purchased with dentalium shells which served as money of the northern California people.
Changes to river hydrology, rising sea levels, increased frequency of storm events, and a loss of culturally significant species have all altered the manner in which Yurok people are able to maintain cultural, economic, and spiritual ties to their sacred lands.
Weapons. The bow among the Yokuts took two forms, the self bow and the sinew-backed bow, both made of mountain cedar. Houses. Apparently several types of shelters were built by the hill Yokuts adjoining Sequoia Park. Clothing. Yokuts men wrapped a deer skin around their loins or went naked.
Thus divided and isolated, the original Californians were a diverse population, separated by language into as many as 135 distinct dialects. Tribes included the Karok, Maidu, Cahuilleno, Mojave, Yokuts, Pomo, Paiute, and Modoc.
How many California tribes are there? There are 109 federally recognized Indian tribes, including several tribes with lands that cross state boundaries.
The Chumash were also purveyors of clamshell-bead currency for southern California. Early 21st-century population estimates indicated some 7,000 Chumash descendants.