In our language Winnemem Wintu translates to Middle Water People as the McCloud River is bounded by the Upper Sacramento to the West and the Pit River to the East. We were born from water, we are of the water, and we fight to protect it.
Wintu men hunted deer, rabbits, and small game, and caught fish in the rivers and lakes. Wintu women ground acorns into meal, as well as gathering berries, nuts, and other plants. Here is a website with more information about Native American foods.
The 6 Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy Mohawk. The Mohawk, or Kanien’kehá:ka (“People of the Flint”), were the easternmost people of the early Iroquois Confederacy. Oneida. For most of the historic era, the Oneida lived in a single village near Lake Oneida in north-central New York state. Onondaga. Cayuga. Seneca. Tuscarora.
There were 5,793 Yurok living throughout the United States. The Yurok Indian Reservation is California’s largest tribe, with 6357 members as of 2019.
Historically, the Wintu lived primarily on the western side of the northern part of the Sacramento Valley, from the Sacramento River to the Coast Range.
The Bureau of Indian Affairs uses a blood quantum definition—generally one-fourth Native American blood —and/or tribal membership to recognize an individual as Native American. However, each tribe has its own set of requirements—generally including a blood quantum—for membership (enrollment) of individuals.
Allen, South Dakota, on the Pine Ridge Reservation, has the lowest per capita income in the country. Extreme poverty rates on the ten largest reservations.
|Reservation||Location||Extreme Poverty Rate|
|Standing Rock Indian Reservation||South Dakota and North Dakota||16.6|
They are known to us today as the Wendat (also known as Huron,) Neutral-Wenro, Erie, Laurentian (or St. Lawrence Iroquoian,) Susquehannock, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, Tuscarora, Nottaway, and Cherokee.
Today, the Shakopee Mdewakanton are believed to be the richest tribe in American history as measured by individual personal wealth: Each adult, according to court records and confirmed by one tribal member, receives a monthly payment of around $84,000, or $1.08 million a year.
The Navaho Indians (the “Dine,” or “ Navaho People,” in their native language), indigenous to the American Southwest, comprise the largest Native American tribe in the United States today.
Coastal exploration by Spanish began in the 16th century, and settlement by Europeans along the coast and in the inland valleys began in the 18th century. California was ceded to the United States under the terms of the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo following the defeat of Mexico in the Mexican–American War.