Inuit live throughout most of Northern Canada in the territory of Nunavut, Nunavik in the northern third of Quebec, Nunatsiavut and NunatuKavut in Labrador and in various parts of the Northwest Territories, particularly around the Arctic Ocean, in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region.
The term Inuit refers broadly to the Arctic indigenous population of Alaska, Canada, and Greenland. Inuit means “people,” and the language they speak is called Inuktitut, though there are regional dialects that are known by slightly different names.
Many Inuit live in 53 communities across the northern regions of Canada, mostly along the Arctic coast, in Inuit Nunangat, which means “the place where Inuit live.” Inuit Nunangat consists of four regions: the Northwest Territories and Yukon (Inuvialuit), Nunavut, Northern Quebec (Nunavik), and the northeastern coast
Inuit — Inuktitut for “the people ” — are an Indigenous people, the majority of whom inhabit the northern regions of Canada. The Inuit homeland is known as Inuit Nunangat, which refers to the land, water and ice contained in the Arctic region.
Among the problems the Inuit face is permafrost melting, which has destroyed the foundations of houses, eroded the seashore and forced people to move inland. Airport runways, roads and harbours are also collapsing.
Northern Native peoples live at latitudes that receive too little sunlight most of the year for vitamin D synthesis in the skin. Their skin is darker than that of Europeans and thus blocks more solar UVB.
In fact, in some northern cultures this is only done between mothers and children. So the mental image we might have had of the “ Eskimo kiss ” was misleading. Some Alaskan indigenous people accept the term Eskimo. Other peoples consider it offensive, because it was a label applied by Europeans and others.
It’s a term that has been out of date since 1980 when the name “ Inuit ” (meaning “people” in Inuktitut) was recognized by the Inuit Circumpolar Council (ICC) to denote Inuit groups across the circumpolar region (Canada, Greenland, USA, and Russia). Today, “ Eskimo ” is considered a pejorative term.
Inuit is the contemporary term for ” Eskimo “. First Nation is the contemporary term for “Indian”. Inuit are “Aboriginal” or ” First Peoples “, but are not ” First Nations “, because ” First Nations ” are Indians. Inuit are not Indians.
Igloo (iglu in Inuktitut, meaning “house”), is a winter dwelling made of snow. Historically, Inuit across the Arctic lived in igloos before the introduction of modern, European-style homes. Igloo.
|Article by||René R. Gadacz|
|Updated by||Michelle Filice|
You may know them as ‘ Eskimos ‘, but the people of the Arctic are officially called the Inuit. Historically, they were hunters in the truest sense. For hundreds of years they survived the world’s harshest conditions, living off their prey of whales, seals, polar bears, muskoxen, birds, fish and reindeer.
The principal peoples of the Arctic are: The Inuit. The Sami.
Traditional Inuit religious practices include animism and shamanism, in which spiritual healers mediate with spirits. Today many Inuit follow Christianity, but traditional Inuit spirituality continues as part of a living, oral tradition and part of contemporary Inuit society.
” Inuit ” is now the current term in Alaska and across the Arctic, and ” Eskimo ” is fading from use. ” Inuit ” is often used to encompass all Inuit and Yupik people, although I often speak of ” Inuit and Yupik people” or “ Inuit and Yupik languages”.