Inuit (/ˈɪnjuɪt/; Inuktitut: ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ‘the people’, singular: Inuk, ᐃᓄᒃ, dual: Inuuk, ᐃᓅᒃ) are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska (United States).
The Inuit used a shelter called an igloo. An igloo is a round looking house made of ice blocks and snow. All igloos had to have a little hole in the roof to let the smoke from the fire get out of the igloo. Inside the igloo they had many interesting things.
Inuit describes the various groups of indigenous peoples who live throughout the Inuvialuit Settlement Region of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut of Northern Canada, Nunavik in Quebec and Nunatsiavut, these areas are sometimes known as Inuit Nunangat, and NunatuKavut in Labrador, as well as in Greenland and parts
In Canada, early Inuit settled as far east and south as the Strait of Belle Isle on the coast of Newfoundland. As they moved, our early ancestors established villages and hunting territory. Like their ancestors to the west they were able to utilize the resources of the coast as well as those further inland.
Northern Native peoples live at latitudes that receive too little sunlight most of the year for vitamin D synthesis in the skin. Their skin is darker than that of Europeans and thus blocks more solar UVB.
In fact, in some northern cultures this is only done between mothers and children. So the mental image we might have had of the “ Eskimo kiss ” was misleading. Some Alaskan indigenous people accept the term Eskimo. Other peoples consider it offensive, because it was a label applied by Europeans and others.
While igloos are no longer the common type of housing used by the Inuit, they remain culturally significant in Arctic communities. Igloos also retain practical value: some hunters and those seeking emergency shelter still use them. (See also Architectural History of Indigenous Peoples in Canada.)
Traditional Inuit religious practices include animism and shamanism, in which spiritual healers mediate with spirits. Today many Inuit follow Christianity, but traditional Inuit spirituality continues as part of a living, oral tradition and part of contemporary Inuit society.
Vitamin C is obtained through sources such as caribou liver, kelp, muktuk, and seal brain; because these foods are typically eaten raw or frozen, the vitamin C they contain, which would be destroyed by cooking, is instead preserved.
Among the problems the Inuit face is permafrost melting, which has destroyed the foundations of houses, eroded the seashore and forced people to move inland. Airport runways, roads and harbours are also collapsing.
It’s a term that has been out of date since 1980 when the name “ Inuit ” (meaning “people” in Inuktitut) was recognized by the Inuit Circumpolar Council (ICC) to denote Inuit groups across the circumpolar region (Canada, Greenland, USA, and Russia). Today, “ Eskimo ” is considered a pejorative term.
Approximately 65,000 Inuit live in Canada, according to the 2016 Census. The majority live in Nunavut, with smaller numbers in the other three regions of Inuit Nunangat, as well as a small number living in urban centres in southern Canada.
Inuit is the contemporary term for ” Eskimo “. First Nation is the contemporary term for “Indian”. Inuit are “Aboriginal” or ” First Peoples “, but are not ” First Nations “, because ” First Nations ” are Indians. Inuit are not Indians.
The principal peoples of the Arctic are: The Inuit. The Sami.
” Inuit ” is now the current term in Alaska and across the Arctic, and ” Eskimo ” is fading from use. ” Inuit ” is often used to encompass all Inuit and Yupik people, although I often speak of ” Inuit and Yupik people” or “ Inuit and Yupik languages”.