Chickasaw, North American Indian tribe of Muskogean linguistic stock who originally inhabited what is now northern Mississippi and Alabama. In their earlier history the Chickasaw and the Choctaw (q.v.) may have been a single tribe.
The Chickasaws are original people of the American southeast, particularly Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky and Missouri. Most Chickasaws were forced to move to Oklahoma in the 1800’s, and their descendants live in Oklahoma today.
The original Chickasaw Indians lived in small villages. Their homes were one room wattle and daub homes made with a wood frame covered with a plaster of mud and straw. Typically the homes would be laid out in an oval with the center of the village being the main meeting place.
The Chickasaw Indians were Mississippi’s second largest Indian group after the Choctaws. Before the United States government forced their removal in the 1830s, the Chickasaw resided in north Mississippi with their villages centered between the headwaters of the Yazoo and Tombigbee rivers around present-day Tupelo.
Chokma ( hello ) and chinchokma (how are you?) are two greetings many of us use every day! In this language lesson, Brandon White Eagle discusses these common greetings and teaches other Chickasaw phrases you can share with family, friends and co-workers.
The Chickasaws do not have a tradition of a time when they were without belief in a supreme being, whom we call Abaꞌ Binniꞌliꞌ (Sitting or Dwelling Above) also called Inki Abu (Father Above) under Christian influence. There were ancient beliefs in a multitude of celestial powers.
The Illinois Confederation, also referred to as the Illiniwek or Illini, were made up of 12 to 13 tribes who lived in the Mississippi River Valley. Eventually member tribes occupied an area reaching from Lake Michicigao (Michigan) to Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas.
The name Chickasaw, as noted by anthropologist John Swanton, belonged to a Chickasaw leader. ” Chickasaw ” is the English spelling of Chikashsha (Muskogee pronunciation: [tʃikaʃːa]), meaning “rebel” or “comes from Chicsa”.
Social Dances Honoring Chickasaw Warrior. To begin this ceremony, tobacco is put on hot coals. Gar Fish Dance. This song and dance appears to be one of the last remaining traditional Chickasaw dances. Stealing Partners. Four Corners. Snake Dance. Stomp Dance. Friendship Dance. Doubleheader Dance.
However, when Oklahoma became a state in 1907, the federal government dissolved the tribal government, and the Chickasaw Nation ceased to exist as a recognized tribal entity.
Chickasaw Nation Industries, (CNI) a federally-chartered corporation established in 1996 for $50,000 now has revenues of more than $350 million annually.
Stickball was typically accompanied by all night stomp dancing and singing. Often, before a stickball game, men would paint their faces for battle and fast for a more spiritual experience. Stickball is played on a field similar to that of a football field, with two poles 100 yards apart.
|Trail of Tears|
|Attack type||Forced displacement|
|Deaths||Cherokee (4,000) Creek Seminole (3,000 in Second Seminole War – 1835–1842) Chickasaw (3,500) Choctaw (2,500–6,000) Ponca (200)|
|Victims||Five Civilized Tribes of Cherokee, Muscogee, Seminole, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Ponca and Ho-Chunk/Winnebago nations|
Not until then did the survivors receive much -needed food and supplies. Perhaps 4,000 of the estimated 15,000 Cherokee died on the journey, while some 1,000 avoided internment and built communities in North Carolina.
The Chickasaw Wars were fought in the 18th century between the Chickasaw allied with the British against the French and their allies the Choctaws and Illinois Confederation. Chickasaw Wars.
|Result||Chickasaw victory Treaty of Paris|