Like many other Native groups, the Pomo Indian of Northern California relied upon fishing, hunting, and gathering for their daily food supply. They ate salmon, wild greens, gnats, mushrooms, berries, grasshoppers, rabbits, rats, and squirrels. Acorns were the most important staple in their diet.
The Pomo Indians ate a variety of foods other than acorns, including fish, wild animals, and many different plants. They prepared this food in two different ovens the mud oven and the hot stone oven.
Pomo men generally went naked, and Pomo women wore only grass and deerskin skirts. In colder weather, men would wear leggings and women would wear shawls made of plant fiber. The Pomos wore deerskin moccasins on their feet while they were hunting or traveling, but usually went barefoot in their own villages.
The Pomo Indians traditionally lived in what is now northwestern California around the Clear Lake area north of San Francisco, and along the Russian River, in Lake, Mendocino, and Sonoma Counties. Today, there are about 5,000 Pomo living in several rancherias and reservations on or near the places of their origin.
It is often said that cow skin has no nutritional value. This is actually not the case. Cow skin is very high in collagen, a type of protein which is really quite important for holding bones and skin tissues in place. But the protein in cow skin is considered to be of low quality.
So, what you often call ‘ Ponmo or Kanda’ is actually called ‘Cowhide’ in English.
What language did the Pomo tribe speak? “Pomo” was actually seven Pomoan ( Hokan ) languages, spoken by the Southern, Central, Northern, Eastern, Northeastern, Southeastern Pomo, and Southwestern Pomo ( Kashaya ). Where did the Pomo tribe live? The Pomo are people of the California Native American cultural group.
Pomo Indians are world-famous for their baskets. Most of their baskets were produced by women from the tribe, though men made some for hunting and sale. Since Pomo Indians survived on the food they gathered, the great majority of baskets were used for storing seeds and other dried foods.
1: a member of a group of American Indian peoples of northern California. 2: any of the family of languages spoken by the Pomo.
The Pomo Indians had sweat houses. The sweat houses were made out of earth, reeds, and bark. The sweat house doors, always faced south. The men and women took hot showers, in the sweat houses and the men partied, around in the sweat houses and the men got to have most, of their free time in the sweat houses.
The Pomo Indians of Northern California have traditionally sung lullabies, as well as hunting and religious songs. For the Cahuilla people of Palm Springs, bird songs tell stories of their origin, journey and return home.
The Chumash built a shelter called an ap. The ap had a round roof with wooden poles. The wooden poles were covered by bulrush and cattail plants. This protected them from the rain and sun.
The Miwok people were decimated by the diseases brought by the invaders and subjected to atrocities. Following the short-lived Mariposa Indian War (1850) those who survived were forced on to various reservations.
They would hunt the animals in their environment such as rabbit and quail. They used the redwood bark to make a dome shaped house. They lived by marsh reed so they would use it to make skirts.
Because of the mild climate, California peoples wore little clothing. Women typically wore a short skirt made of animal skin or plant fibers, especially those of bark. Men wore a breechcloth or nothing at all. For protection from wind and rain, both men and women used skin robes.