The Canadian Constitution recognizes three groups of Aboriginal peoples: Indians (more commonly referred to as First Nations), Inuit and Métis.
The largest of the Indian groups is the Cree, which includes some 120,000 people. In Canada the word Indian has a legal definition given in the Indian Act of 1876.
Aboriginal. The term “ Aboriginal ” refers to the first inhabitants of Canada, and includes First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples. This term came into popular usage in Canadian contexts after 1982, when Section 35 of the Canadian Constitution defined the term as such.
Major ethnicities include the: Anishinaabe. Algonquin. Nipissing. Haudenosaunee ( Iroquois ) Cayuga (Guyohkohnyo) Mohawk (Kanien’kéhaka) Oneida (Onayotekaono) Onondaga (Onundagaono) Seneca (Onondowahgah) Tuscarora (Ska-Ruh-Reh) Munsee branch of the Lenape (Delawares) Neutral. Petun (Tobacco) Wyandot (Huron)
In the northwest were the Athapaskan-speaking peoples, Slavey, Tłı̨chǫ, Tutchone-speaking peoples, and Tlingit. Along the Pacific coast were the Haida, Salish, Kwakiutl, Nuu-chah-nulth, Nisga’a and Gitxsan. In the plains were the Blackfoot, Kainai, Sarcee and Northern Peigan.
Canada’s historic treatment of First Nations peoples has been oppressive, seeking to exploit their lands and eliminate their cultures. There have, however, been some improvements in, or at least acknowledgements of, the way in which First Nations peoples are treated through the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
The Aboriginal Population Across Canada Ontario, the most populous province, is also the province with the largest Aboriginal population. One in five of the country’s Aboriginal people (22.4%) lived in Ontario in 2016. BC had the second- largest Aboriginal population (16.2% of Canada’s ), followed by Alberta (15.5%).
For example, according to the 2016 census, Fort McKay in Alberta is one of the wealthiest First Nations communities in Canada with an annual average income of $78,916, well above the provincial average of $62,778.
$560 per year for a family without children. $427 per year for a single person without children. Plus up to $147 per year for each child.
Well, under the Indian Act, First Nations people do not own their own land, instead it’s held for them by the government. Because of this policy, First Nations people who currently live on reserve do not enjoy the same property rights as every other Canadian.
As many as 4,000 Indigenous women and girls are believed to have been killed or gone missing in Canada over the past 30 years – although the true number of victims is unlikely ever to be known.
I’m not ‘ Indian,’ I’m Native American, Indigenous, or First Nations. A good rule of thumb for this is when referring to Natives, call us Native American, Indigenous, First Nations, or by our specific band or tribe if you want some extra Ally Points, and just let Natives call each other Indian.
Under letters patent from King Henry VII of England, the Italian John Cabot became the first European known to have landed in Canada after the Viking Age. Records indicate that on June 24, 1497 he sighted land at a northern location believed to be somewhere in the Atlantic provinces.
Egypt – Founded c. Although ancient Egyptian civilization can trace its roots back to around 6000 BCE, when various groups of hunter-gatherers settled in the Nile River Valley, Egypt’s first dynasty is dated c. 3100 BCE and is classified as the oldest country in the world.
But less than 500 years ago, the only people living in Canada were the Aboriginal people of Canada. “Aboriginal” means the original inhabitants, the people who were here first. The words “Native” or “Indigenous” are also used, and mean the same thing.