The descendants of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin have survived as Jews because they were allowed to return to their homeland after the Babylonian Exile of 586 bc.
Responding to a growing threat from Philistine incursions, the Israelite tribes formed a strong, centralised monarchy during the eleventh century BC. The first king of this new entity was Saul, from the tribe of Benjamin (1 Samuel 9:1–2), which at the time was the smallest of the tribes.
Benjamin was described as a ravenous wolf by his father, and his tribe became known for their ferocity in battle. They did later lead the confederation of tribes into the first Israelite monarchy under Saul, but after that, lost control of the kingdom to Judah.
Conquered by the Assyrian King Shalmaneser V, they were exiled to upper Mesopotamia and Medes, today modern Syria and Iraq. The Ten Tribes of Israel have never been seen since.
In Matthew 1:1–6 and Luke 3:31–34 of the New Testament, Jesus is described as a member of the tribe of Judah by lineage. Revelation 5:5 also mentions an apocalyptic vision of the Lion of the tribe of Judah.
Ten Lost Tribes Reuben. Simeon. Levi. Judah. Dan. Naphtali. Gad. Asher.
The tribe of Judah settled in the region south of Jerusalem and in time became the most powerful and most important tribe.
When the Children of Israel went into the Promised Land, Moses blessed the Tribe of Benjamin by saying: “Let the beloved of the Lord rest secure in Him for He shields him all day long.
|Samuel Tribe of Levi|
|Preceded by Eli||Judge of Israel||Saul was Anointed king|
The Hebrew names of these 12 stones are (1) Odem, (2) Pitdah, (3) Bareketh, (4) Nophek, (5) Sappir, (6) Yahalom, (7) Leshem, (8) Shebo, (9) Ahlamah, (10) Tarshish, (11) Shalom, (12) Yashpheh. Also called Aaron’s Breastplate or Breastplate of the High Priest.
The tribe of Benjamin provided Israel with its first king, Saul, and was later assimilated into the tribe of Judah. While no tribe bore the name of Joseph, two tribes were named after Joseph’s sons, Manasseh and Ephraim.
Assyrian conquest and demise As part of the Kingdom of Israel, the territory of Dan was conquered by the Assyrians, and exiled; the manner of their exile led to their further history being lost.
The Thirteenth Tribe is a 1976 book by Arthur Koestler, in which the author advances the thesis that Ashkenazi Jews are not descended from the historical Israelites of antiquity, but from Khazars, a Turkic people. The Thirteenth Tribe.
|First UK edition|
Since Ephraim and Manasseh (often called the “two half- tribes of Joseph “) together traditionally constituted the tribe of Joseph, it was often not listed as one of the tribes, in favour of Ephraim and Manasseh being listed in its place; consequently it was often termed the House of Joseph (Beit Yoseph, בית יוסף), to
The Twelve Tribes of Israel.