The Kayapo people used forceful tactics to banish loggers and miners in some areas, as well as to establish themselves as an economic force. Developers ranging from gold miners to soy farmers and cattle ranchers were often killed.
The Kayapo grow vegetables, eat wild fruits and Brazil nuts, and hunt fish, monkey, and turtle to eat. They use over 650 plants in the rainforest for medicine.
How do the kayapo use the Rain Forest? The forest gives them houses, transport, food clothes and medicine. The problem is that rivers are essential to their way of life and gold mining in Brazil is polluting the rivers, therefore, spreading diseases throughout the tribes.
Mẽbêngôkre, sometimes referred to as Kayapó ( Mẽbêngôkre: Mẽbêngôkre kabẽn [mẽbeŋoˈkɾɛ kaˈbɛ̃n]) is a Northern Jê language ( Jê, Macro- Jê ) spoken by the Kayapó and the Xikrin people in the north of Mato Grosso and Pará in Brazil.
The Kayapó (ka-yah-POH), who call themselves Mẽbêngôkre (meh-bingo-KRAY), are a dynamic Indigenous people of more than 12,000 individuals. Surviving centuries of warfare and forced migration, they use their warrior heritage to protect their lands from new invaders.
The Kayapo people use shifting cultivation where land is farmed for a few years, after which the people move to a new area. New farmland is cleared (using cutting and burning) and the old farm is allowed to lie fallow and replenish itself. Crops they grow include: weet potatoes, yams and papaya.
The most widely spoken language in the Amazon is Portuguese followed closely by Spanish.
Indigenous groups such as the Yanomamo and Kayapo have been living in the Amazon for thousands of years, slowly accumulating a detailed knowledge of the rainforest and methods to subsist from it.
Their territory stretched from the northern part of São Paulo state, Triângulo Mineiro and the southern portion of Goiás state to eastern part of Mato Grosso state and eastern and southeastern Mato Grosso do Sul state. The Southern Cayapó were known for their “ferocity” because they took no prisoners in battle.
Amazon rainforest is the most biodiverse region on earth, providing shelter to three million species on plants and animals. Billions of trees absorb tons of carbon dioxide every year and slow down the climate change along with producing 20% of earth’s oxygen, hence named ‘ Lungs of Earth.
Shifting cultivation is a traditional, sustainable method of agriculture which has been practised by indigenous tribes for centuries. For a few years the soil remains sufficiently fertile for the tribe to grow crops. When the soil’s fertility is exhausted, the tribe moves on and clears another small area of forest.
Direct human causes of deforestation include logging, agriculture, cattle ranching, mining, oil extraction and dam-building.
What Can You Do In the Amazon Rainforest? River Cruises. Boating is one of the essential methods of transportation in the Amazon Rainforest tourism. Canopy Tours. Hiking at Parks and Wildlife Reserves. Eco-Lodge Accommodations. Meet the Local Communities to Witness Life in the Jungle. Respect Giant Trees and Remarkable Plant Life.
Nowadays, the Korubo wear shorts and other clothes daily (yes, because walking naked in the forest full of mosquitos and other animals is not very nice, as the same Binan Tuku has taught me as well).
Brazil is the largest country in South America and the fifth largest nation in the world. It forms an enormous triangle on the eastern side of the continent with a 4,500-mile (7,400-kilometer) coastline along the Atlantic Ocean. It has borders with every South American country except Chile and Ecuador.