Aleut artists are known for making baskets and carving arts, including wooden masks and walrus-ivory carvings. Here is a page of Aleut mask photos, and a good website about Alaska Native artwork in general.
Religious Beliefs. Because Russian contact quickly devastated much of Aleut culture, we know relatively little about the group’s traditional religion. It was animistic, with spirits of humans, animals, and natural entities requiring placation.
Population and distribution They resettled many Aleut families to the Commander Islands (within the Aleutsky District of the Kamchatka Krai in Russia) and to the Pribilof Islands (in Alaska). These continue to have majority- Aleut communities.
The staple diet of the Aleut were fish products and shellfish. These were supplemented by the meat obtained from sea animals such as the seal, whale and sea lions. The Aleut ate a great variety of shellfish including crab, shrimp, mussels and clams.
Although the name ” Eskimo ” was commonly used in Alaska to refer to Inuit and Yupik people of the world, this usage is now considered unacceptable by many or even most Alaska Natives, largely since it is a colonial name imposed by non-Indigenous people.
(The Sugpiaq pronounce the Russian-introduced name Aleut “Alutiiq.”) These two groups speak mutually intelligible dialects and are closely related to the Eskimo in language and culture. The earliest people in this region, the Paleo- Aleuts, arrived in the Aleutian Islands from the Alaskan mainland about 2000 bce.
Unangan is another traditional name for them. Unanangan means Seasider. Unangax^ is the plural form for Unangan. Traditionally, Aleut Unangan men were the ones who hunted the seals, whales, sea lions, sea otters, sometimes walrus, and in some areas they were the ones who hunted the caribou and bears.
The name ” Alaska ” derives from the Aleut word Alaxsxaq (also spelled Alyeska), meaning “mainland” (literally, “the object toward which the action of the sea is directed”).
Unangam Tunuu (Aleut) is one branch of the Eskimo-Aleut language family. Its territory in Alaska encompasses the Aleutian Islands, the Pribilof Islands, and the Alaska Peninsula west of Stepovak Bay. Unangam Tunuu is a single language divided at Atka Island into eastern and the western dialects.
The name ” Alaska ” is derived from the Aleut “alaxsxaq”, meaning “the mainland” or, more literally, “the object towards which the action of the sea is directed”. It is also known as “Alyeska”, the “great land”, an Aleut word derived from the same root.
Aleut is spoken from the Alaska Peninsula through Umnak Island and on Atka Island in the Aleutian Islands, on the Pribilof Islands north of the Aleutians, and on Bering Island.
Inuit are Indigenous Peoples living in the Arctic regions of Canada, Greenland, Alaska, and Russia. Inuit have lived and thrived in the Arctic for thousands of years.
Various sources estimate there are fewer than 100 to 150 remaining active Aleut speakers. Eastern and Atkan Aleut are classified as “critically and severely endangered” and have an EGIDS rating of 7.
Navajo, also spelled Navaho, second most populous of all Native American peoples in the United States, with some 300,000 individuals in the early 21st century, most of them living in New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah. The Navajo speak an Apachean language which is classified in the Athabaskan language family.